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From 93de7820843c175f4c9661dbfcb312e8ee09fbd3 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Lennart Poettering <lennart@poettering.net>
Date: Tue, 8 Jun 2021 00:07:51 -0700
Subject: [PATCH] sd-event: change ordering of pending/ratelimited events

Instead of ordering non-pending before pending we should order
"non-pending OR ratelimited" before "pending AND not-ratelimited".
This fixes a bug where ratelimited events were ordered at the end of the
priority queue and could be stuck there for an indeterminate amount of
time.

(cherry picked from commit 81107b8419c39f726fd2805517a5b9faab204e59)

Related: #1984406
---
 src/libsystemd/sd-event/sd-event.c | 48 +++++++++++++-----------------
 1 file changed, 20 insertions(+), 28 deletions(-)

diff --git a/src/libsystemd/sd-event/sd-event.c b/src/libsystemd/sd-event/sd-event.c
index be912d94e3..3e77f4e810 100644
--- a/src/libsystemd/sd-event/sd-event.c
+++ b/src/libsystemd/sd-event/sd-event.c
@@ -427,25 +427,6 @@ static usec_t time_event_source_next(const sd_event_source *s) {
         return USEC_INFINITY;
 }
 
-static int earliest_time_prioq_compare(const void *a, const void *b) {
-        const sd_event_source *x = a, *y = b;
-
-        /* Enabled ones first */
-        if (x->enabled != SD_EVENT_OFF && y->enabled == SD_EVENT_OFF)
-                return -1;
-        if (x->enabled == SD_EVENT_OFF && y->enabled != SD_EVENT_OFF)
-                return 1;
-
-        /* Move the pending ones to the end */
-        if (!x->pending && y->pending)
-                return -1;
-        if (x->pending && !y->pending)
-                return 1;
-
-        /* Order by time */
-        return CMP(time_event_source_next(x), time_event_source_next(y));
-}
-
 static usec_t time_event_source_latest(const sd_event_source *s) {
         assert(s);
 
@@ -464,7 +445,15 @@ static usec_t time_event_source_latest(const sd_event_source *s) {
         return USEC_INFINITY;
 }
 
-static int latest_time_prioq_compare(const void *a, const void *b) {
+static bool event_source_timer_candidate(const sd_event_source *s) {
+        assert(s);
+
+        /* Returns true for event sources that either are not pending yet (i.e. where it's worth to mark them pending)
+         * or which are currently ratelimited (i.e. where it's worth leaving the ratelimited state) */
+        return !s->pending || s->ratelimited;
+}
+
+static int time_prioq_compare(const void *a, const void *b, usec_t (*time_func)(const sd_event_source *s)) {
         const sd_event_source *x = a, *y = b;
 
         /* Enabled ones first */
@@ -473,19 +462,22 @@ static int latest_time_prioq_compare(const void *a, const void *b) {
         if (x->enabled == SD_EVENT_OFF && y->enabled != SD_EVENT_OFF)
                 return 1;
 
-        /* Move the pending ones to the end */
-        if (!x->pending && y->pending)
+        /* Order "non-pending OR ratelimited" before "pending AND not-ratelimited" */
+        if (event_source_timer_candidate(x) && !event_source_timer_candidate(y))
                 return -1;
-        if (x->pending && !y->pending)
+        if (!event_source_timer_candidate(x) && event_source_timer_candidate(y))
                 return 1;
 
         /* Order by time */
-        if (time_event_source_latest(x) < time_event_source_latest(y))
-                return -1;
-        if (time_event_source_latest(x) > time_event_source_latest(y))
-                return 1;
+        return CMP(time_func(x), time_func(y));
+}
 
-        return 0;
+static int earliest_time_prioq_compare(const void *a, const void *b) {
+        return time_prioq_compare(a, b, time_event_source_next);
+}
+
+static int latest_time_prioq_compare(const void *a, const void *b) {
+        return time_prioq_compare(a, b, time_event_source_latest);
 }
 
 static int exit_prioq_compare(const void *a, const void *b) {