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From 5dc7b745eb04e799b95e7e8d17868970a65621df Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: David Gibson <dgibson@redhat.com>
Date: Thu, 30 May 2019 04:37:28 +0100
Subject: [PATCH 7/8] spapr: Support NVIDIA V100 GPU with NVLink2

RH-Author: David Gibson <dgibson@redhat.com>
Message-id: <20190530043728.32575-7-dgibson@redhat.com>
Patchwork-id: 88423
O-Subject: [RHEL-8.1 qemu-kvm PATCH 6/6] spapr: Support NVIDIA V100 GPU with NVLink2
Bugzilla: 1710662
RH-Acked-by: Laurent Vivier <lvivier@redhat.com>
RH-Acked-by: Auger Eric <eric.auger@redhat.com>
RH-Acked-by: Cornelia Huck <cohuck@redhat.com>

From: Alexey Kardashevskiy <aik@ozlabs.ru>

NVIDIA V100 GPUs have on-board RAM which is mapped into the host memory
space and accessible as normal RAM via an NVLink bus. The VFIO-PCI driver
implements special regions for such GPUs and emulates an NVLink bridge.
NVLink2-enabled POWER9 CPUs also provide address translation services
which includes an ATS shootdown (ATSD) register exported via the NVLink
bridge device.

This adds a quirk to VFIO to map the GPU memory and create an MR;
the new MR is stored in a PCI device as a QOM link. The sPAPR PCI uses
this to get the MR and map it to the system address space.
Another quirk does the same for ATSD.

This adds additional steps to sPAPR PHB setup:

1. Search for specific GPUs and NPUs, collect findings in
sPAPRPHBState::nvgpus, manage system address space mappings;

2. Add device-specific properties such as "ibm,npu", "ibm,gpu",
"memory-block", "link-speed" to advertise the NVLink2 function to
the guest;

3. Add "mmio-atsd" to vPHB to advertise the ATSD capability;

4. Add new memory blocks (with extra "linux,memory-usable" to prevent
the guest OS from accessing the new memory until it is onlined) and
npuphb# nodes representing an NPU unit for every vPHB as the GPU driver
uses it for link discovery.

This allocates space for GPU RAM and ATSD like we do for MMIOs by
adding 2 new parameters to the phb_placement() hook. Older machine types
set these to zero.

This puts new memory nodes in a separate NUMA node to as the GPU RAM
needs to be configured equally distant from any other node in the system.
Unlike the host setup which assigns numa ids from 255 downwards, this
adds new NUMA nodes after the user configures nodes or from 1 if none
were configured.

This adds requirement similar to EEH - one IOMMU group per vPHB.
The reason for this is that ATSD registers belong to a physical NPU
so they cannot invalidate translations on GPUs attached to another NPU.
It is guaranteed by the host platform as it does not mix NVLink bridges
or GPUs from different NPU in the same IOMMU group. If more than one
IOMMU group is detected on a vPHB, this disables ATSD support for that
vPHB and prints a warning.

Signed-off-by: Alexey Kardashevskiy <aik@ozlabs.ru>
[aw: for vfio portions]
Acked-by: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
Message-Id: <20190312082103.130561-1-aik@ozlabs.ru>
Signed-off-by: David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au>
(cherry picked from commit ec132efaa81f09861a3bd6afad94827e74543b3f)

Signed-off-by: Danilo C. L. de Paula <ddepaula@redhat.com>

Conflicts:
	hw/ppc/spapr.c
	hw/ppc/spapr_pci.c
	hw/vfio/trace-events
	include/hw/pci-host/spapr.h
	include/hw/ppc/spapr.h

Conflicts come for several reasons:
  1) Some contextual conflicts
  2) Downstream tree does not have PHB hotplug, so upstream changes to
     that code need to be dropped, we also need to adapt some hunks to
     apply to the code as it existed before PHB hotplug was added
  3) Upstream had a mass renaming of spapr types to give more
     consistent CamelCasing.  We don't have that change downstream, so
     we need to adjust accordingly.
  4) We add an explicit include of qemu/units.h, since it's not indirectly
     included downstream (and it's messy to backport the patch which adds
     that)

Bugzilla: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=1710662

Signed-off-by: David Gibson <dgibson@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Danilo C. L. de Paula <ddepaula@redhat.com>
---
 hw/ppc/Makefile.objs        |   2 +-
 hw/ppc/spapr.c              |  31 ++-
 hw/ppc/spapr_pci.c          |  21 ++-
 hw/ppc/spapr_pci_nvlink2.c  | 450 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 hw/vfio/pci-quirks.c        | 131 +++++++++++++
 hw/vfio/pci.c               |  14 ++
 hw/vfio/pci.h               |   2 +
 hw/vfio/trace-events        |   4 +
 include/hw/pci-host/spapr.h |  46 +++++
 include/hw/ppc/spapr.h      |   5 +-
 10 files changed, 697 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 hw/ppc/spapr_pci_nvlink2.c

diff --git a/hw/ppc/Makefile.objs b/hw/ppc/Makefile.objs
index a46a989..d07e999 100644
--- a/hw/ppc/Makefile.objs
+++ b/hw/ppc/Makefile.objs
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_PSERIES) += spapr_cpu_core.o spapr_ovec.o
 # IBM PowerNV
 obj-$(CONFIG_POWERNV) += pnv.o pnv_xscom.o pnv_core.o pnv_lpc.o pnv_psi.o pnv_occ.o pnv_bmc.o
 ifeq ($(CONFIG_PCI)$(CONFIG_PSERIES)$(CONFIG_LINUX), yyy)
-obj-y += spapr_pci_vfio.o
+obj-y += spapr_pci_vfio.o spapr_pci_nvlink2.o
 endif
 obj-$(CONFIG_PSERIES) += spapr_rtas_ddw.o
 # PowerPC 4xx boards
diff --git a/hw/ppc/spapr.c b/hw/ppc/spapr.c
index b57c0be..c72aad1 100644
--- a/hw/ppc/spapr.c
+++ b/hw/ppc/spapr.c
@@ -910,12 +910,13 @@ static void spapr_dt_rtas(sPAPRMachineState *spapr, void *fdt)
         0, cpu_to_be32(SPAPR_MEMORY_BLOCK_SIZE),
         cpu_to_be32(max_cpus / smp_threads),
     };
+    uint32_t maxdomain = cpu_to_be32(spapr->gpu_numa_id > 1 ? 1 : 0);
     uint32_t maxdomains[] = {
         cpu_to_be32(4),
-        cpu_to_be32(0),
-        cpu_to_be32(0),
-        cpu_to_be32(0),
-        cpu_to_be32(nb_numa_nodes ? nb_numa_nodes : 1),
+        maxdomain,
+        maxdomain,
+        maxdomain,
+        cpu_to_be32(spapr->gpu_numa_id),
     };
 
     _FDT(rtas = fdt_add_subnode(fdt, 0, "rtas"));
@@ -1515,6 +1516,16 @@ static void spapr_machine_reset(void)
         ppc_set_compat(first_ppc_cpu, spapr->max_compat_pvr, &error_fatal);
     }
 
+    /*
+     * NVLink2-connected GPU RAM needs to be placed on a separate NUMA node.
+     * We assign a new numa ID per GPU in spapr_pci_collect_nvgpu() which is
+     * called from vPHB reset handler so we initialize the counter here.
+     * If no NUMA is configured from the QEMU side, we start from 1 as GPU RAM
+     * must be equally distant from any other node.
+     * The final value of spapr->gpu_numa_id is going to be written to
+     * max-associativity-domains in spapr_build_fdt().
+     */
+    spapr->gpu_numa_id = MAX(1, nb_numa_nodes);
     qemu_devices_reset();
 
     /* DRC reset may cause a device to be unplugged. This will cause troubles
@@ -3601,7 +3612,8 @@ static const CPUArchIdList *spapr_possible_cpu_arch_ids(MachineState *machine)
 static void spapr_phb_placement(sPAPRMachineState *spapr, uint32_t index,
                                 uint64_t *buid, hwaddr *pio,
                                 hwaddr *mmio32, hwaddr *mmio64,
-                                unsigned n_dma, uint32_t *liobns, Error **errp)
+                                unsigned n_dma, uint32_t *liobns,
+                                hwaddr *nv2gpa, hwaddr *nv2atsd, Error **errp)
 {
     /*
      * New-style PHB window placement.
@@ -3648,6 +3660,9 @@ static void spapr_phb_placement(sPAPRMachineState *spapr, uint32_t index,
     *pio = SPAPR_PCI_BASE + index * SPAPR_PCI_IO_WIN_SIZE;
     *mmio32 = SPAPR_PCI_BASE + (index + 1) * SPAPR_PCI_MEM32_WIN_SIZE;
     *mmio64 = SPAPR_PCI_BASE + (index + 1) * SPAPR_PCI_MEM64_WIN_SIZE;
+
+    *nv2gpa = SPAPR_PCI_NV2RAM64_WIN_BASE + index * SPAPR_PCI_NV2RAM64_WIN_SIZE;
+    *nv2atsd = SPAPR_PCI_NV2ATSD_WIN_BASE + index * SPAPR_PCI_NV2ATSD_WIN_SIZE;
 }
 
 static ICSState *spapr_ics_get(XICSFabric *dev, int irq)
@@ -4133,7 +4148,8 @@ DEFINE_SPAPR_MACHINE(2_8, "2.8", false);
 static void phb_placement_2_7(sPAPRMachineState *spapr, uint32_t index,
                               uint64_t *buid, hwaddr *pio,
                               hwaddr *mmio32, hwaddr *mmio64,
-                              unsigned n_dma, uint32_t *liobns, Error **errp)
+                              unsigned n_dma, uint32_t *liobns,
+                              hwaddr *nv2gpa, hwaddr *nv2atsd, Error **errp)
 {
     /* Legacy PHB placement for pseries-2.7 and earlier machine types */
     const uint64_t base_buid = 0x800000020000000ULL;
@@ -4177,6 +4193,9 @@ static void phb_placement_2_7(sPAPRMachineState *spapr, uint32_t index,
      * fallback behaviour of automatically splitting a large "32-bit"
      * window into contiguous 32-bit and 64-bit windows
      */
+
+    *nv2gpa = 0;
+    *nv2atsd = 0;
 }
 
 #if 0 /* Disabled for Red Hat Enterprise Linux */
diff --git a/hw/ppc/spapr_pci.c b/hw/ppc/spapr_pci.c
index f936ce6..d82f957 100644
--- a/hw/ppc/spapr_pci.c
+++ b/hw/ppc/spapr_pci.c
@@ -1326,6 +1326,8 @@ static void spapr_populate_pci_child_dt(PCIDevice *dev, void *fdt, int offset,
     if (sphb->pcie_ecs && pci_is_express(dev)) {
         _FDT(fdt_setprop_cell(fdt, offset, "ibm,pci-config-space-type", 0x1));
     }
+
+    spapr_phb_nvgpu_populate_pcidev_dt(dev, fdt, offset, sphb);
 }
 
 /* create OF node for pci device and required OF DT properties */
@@ -1559,7 +1561,9 @@ static void spapr_phb_realize(DeviceState *dev, Error **errp)
         smc->phb_placement(spapr, sphb->index,
                            &sphb->buid, &sphb->io_win_addr,
                            &sphb->mem_win_addr, &sphb->mem64_win_addr,
-                           windows_supported, sphb->dma_liobn, &local_err);
+                           windows_supported, sphb->dma_liobn,
+                           &sphb->nv2_gpa_win_addr, &sphb->nv2_atsd_win_addr,
+                           &local_err);
         if (local_err) {
             error_propagate(errp, local_err);
             return;
@@ -1764,8 +1768,14 @@ void spapr_phb_dma_reset(sPAPRPHBState *sphb)
 static void spapr_phb_reset(DeviceState *qdev)
 {
     sPAPRPHBState *sphb = SPAPR_PCI_HOST_BRIDGE(qdev);
+    Error *errp = NULL;
 
     spapr_phb_dma_reset(sphb);
+    spapr_phb_nvgpu_free(sphb);
+    spapr_phb_nvgpu_setup(sphb, &errp);
+    if (errp) {
+        error_report_err(errp);
+    }
 
     /* Reset the IOMMU state */
     object_child_foreach(OBJECT(qdev), spapr_phb_children_reset, NULL);
@@ -1798,6 +1808,8 @@ static Property spapr_phb_properties[] = {
                      pre_2_8_migration, false),
     DEFINE_PROP_BOOL("pcie-extended-configuration-space", sPAPRPHBState,
                      pcie_ecs, true),
+    DEFINE_PROP_UINT64("gpa", sPAPRPHBState, nv2_gpa_win_addr, 0),
+    DEFINE_PROP_UINT64("atsd", sPAPRPHBState, nv2_atsd_win_addr, 0),
     DEFINE_PROP_END_OF_LIST(),
 };
 
@@ -2089,6 +2101,7 @@ int spapr_populate_pci_dt(sPAPRPHBState *phb,
     sPAPRTCETable *tcet;
     PCIBus *bus = PCI_HOST_BRIDGE(phb)->bus;
     sPAPRFDT s_fdt;
+    Error *errp = NULL;
 
     /* Start populating the FDT */
     nodename = g_strdup_printf("pci@%" PRIx64, phb->buid);
@@ -2170,6 +2183,12 @@ int spapr_populate_pci_dt(sPAPRPHBState *phb,
         return ret;
     }
 
+    spapr_phb_nvgpu_populate_dt(phb, fdt, bus_off, &errp);
+    if (errp) {
+        error_report_err(errp);
+    }
+    spapr_phb_nvgpu_ram_populate_dt(phb, fdt);
+
     return 0;
 }
 
diff --git a/hw/ppc/spapr_pci_nvlink2.c b/hw/ppc/spapr_pci_nvlink2.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..60b14d8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/hw/ppc/spapr_pci_nvlink2.c
@@ -0,0 +1,450 @@
+/*
+ * QEMU sPAPR PCI for NVLink2 pass through
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2019 Alexey Kardashevskiy, IBM Corporation.
+ *
+ * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
+ * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
+ * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
+ * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
+ * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
+ * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
+ *
+ * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
+ * all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
+ *
+ * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
+ * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
+ * THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
+ * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
+ * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
+ * THE SOFTWARE.
+ */
+#include "qemu/osdep.h"
+#include "qapi/error.h"
+#include "qemu-common.h"
+#include "hw/pci/pci.h"
+#include "hw/pci-host/spapr.h"
+#include "qemu/error-report.h"
+#include "hw/ppc/fdt.h"
+#include "hw/pci/pci_bridge.h"
+
+#define PHANDLE_PCIDEV(phb, pdev)    (0x12000000 | \
+                                     (((phb)->index) << 16) | ((pdev)->devfn))
+#define PHANDLE_GPURAM(phb, n)       (0x110000FF | ((n) << 8) | \
+                                     (((phb)->index) << 16))
+#define PHANDLE_NVLINK(phb, gn, nn)  (0x00130000 | (((phb)->index) << 8) | \
+                                     ((gn) << 4) | (nn))
+
+#define SPAPR_GPU_NUMA_ID           (cpu_to_be32(1))
+
+struct spapr_phb_pci_nvgpu_config {
+    uint64_t nv2_ram_current;
+    uint64_t nv2_atsd_current;
+    int num; /* number of non empty (i.e. tgt!=0) entries in slots[] */
+    struct spapr_phb_pci_nvgpu_slot {
+        uint64_t tgt;
+        uint64_t gpa;
+        unsigned numa_id;
+        PCIDevice *gpdev;
+        int linknum;
+        struct {
+            uint64_t atsd_gpa;
+            PCIDevice *npdev;
+            uint32_t link_speed;
+        } links[NVGPU_MAX_LINKS];
+    } slots[NVGPU_MAX_NUM];
+    Error *errp;
+};
+
+static struct spapr_phb_pci_nvgpu_slot *
+spapr_nvgpu_get_slot(struct spapr_phb_pci_nvgpu_config *nvgpus, uint64_t tgt)
+{
+    int i;
+
+    /* Search for partially collected "slot" */
+    for (i = 0; i < nvgpus->num; ++i) {
+        if (nvgpus->slots[i].tgt == tgt) {
+            return &nvgpus->slots[i];
+        }
+    }
+
+    if (nvgpus->num == ARRAY_SIZE(nvgpus->slots)) {
+        return NULL;
+    }
+
+    i = nvgpus->num;
+    nvgpus->slots[i].tgt = tgt;
+    ++nvgpus->num;
+
+    return &nvgpus->slots[i];
+}
+
+static void spapr_pci_collect_nvgpu(struct spapr_phb_pci_nvgpu_config *nvgpus,
+                                    PCIDevice *pdev, uint64_t tgt,
+                                    MemoryRegion *mr, Error **errp)
+{
+    MachineState *machine = MACHINE(qdev_get_machine());
+    sPAPRMachineState *spapr = SPAPR_MACHINE(machine);
+    struct spapr_phb_pci_nvgpu_slot *nvslot = spapr_nvgpu_get_slot(nvgpus, tgt);
+
+    if (!nvslot) {
+        error_setg(errp, "Found too many GPUs per vPHB");
+        return;
+    }
+    g_assert(!nvslot->gpdev);
+    nvslot->gpdev = pdev;
+
+    nvslot->gpa = nvgpus->nv2_ram_current;
+    nvgpus->nv2_ram_current += memory_region_size(mr);
+    nvslot->numa_id = spapr->gpu_numa_id;
+    ++spapr->gpu_numa_id;
+}
+
+static void spapr_pci_collect_nvnpu(struct spapr_phb_pci_nvgpu_config *nvgpus,
+                                    PCIDevice *pdev, uint64_t tgt,
+                                    MemoryRegion *mr, Error **errp)
+{
+    struct spapr_phb_pci_nvgpu_slot *nvslot = spapr_nvgpu_get_slot(nvgpus, tgt);
+    int j;
+
+    if (!nvslot) {
+        error_setg(errp, "Found too many NVLink bridges per vPHB");
+        return;
+    }
+
+    j = nvslot->linknum;
+    if (j == ARRAY_SIZE(nvslot->links)) {
+        error_setg(errp, "Found too many NVLink bridges per GPU");
+        return;
+    }
+    ++nvslot->linknum;
+
+    g_assert(!nvslot->links[j].npdev);
+    nvslot->links[j].npdev = pdev;
+    nvslot->links[j].atsd_gpa = nvgpus->nv2_atsd_current;
+    nvgpus->nv2_atsd_current += memory_region_size(mr);
+    nvslot->links[j].link_speed =
+        object_property_get_uint(OBJECT(pdev), "nvlink2-link-speed", NULL);
+}
+
+static void spapr_phb_pci_collect_nvgpu(PCIBus *bus, PCIDevice *pdev,
+                                        void *opaque)
+{
+    PCIBus *sec_bus;
+    Object *po = OBJECT(pdev);
+    uint64_t tgt = object_property_get_uint(po, "nvlink2-tgt", NULL);
+
+    if (tgt) {
+        Error *local_err = NULL;
+        struct spapr_phb_pci_nvgpu_config *nvgpus = opaque;
+        Object *mr_gpu = object_property_get_link(po, "nvlink2-mr[0]", NULL);
+        Object *mr_npu = object_property_get_link(po, "nvlink2-atsd-mr[0]",
+                                                  NULL);
+
+        g_assert(mr_gpu || mr_npu);
+        if (mr_gpu) {
+            spapr_pci_collect_nvgpu(nvgpus, pdev, tgt, MEMORY_REGION(mr_gpu),
+                                    &local_err);
+        } else {
+            spapr_pci_collect_nvnpu(nvgpus, pdev, tgt, MEMORY_REGION(mr_npu),
+                                    &local_err);
+        }
+        error_propagate(&nvgpus->errp, local_err);
+    }
+    if ((pci_default_read_config(pdev, PCI_HEADER_TYPE, 1) !=
+         PCI_HEADER_TYPE_BRIDGE)) {
+        return;
+    }
+
+    sec_bus = pci_bridge_get_sec_bus(PCI_BRIDGE(pdev));
+    if (!sec_bus) {
+        return;
+    }
+
+    pci_for_each_device(sec_bus, pci_bus_num(sec_bus),
+                        spapr_phb_pci_collect_nvgpu, opaque);
+}
+
+void spapr_phb_nvgpu_setup(sPAPRPHBState *sphb, Error **errp)
+{
+    int i, j, valid_gpu_num;
+    PCIBus *bus;
+
+    /* Search for GPUs and NPUs */
+    if (!sphb->nv2_gpa_win_addr || !sphb->nv2_atsd_win_addr) {
+        return;
+    }
+
+    sphb->nvgpus = g_new0(struct spapr_phb_pci_nvgpu_config, 1);
+    sphb->nvgpus->nv2_ram_current = sphb->nv2_gpa_win_addr;
+    sphb->nvgpus->nv2_atsd_current = sphb->nv2_atsd_win_addr;
+
+    bus = PCI_HOST_BRIDGE(sphb)->bus;
+    pci_for_each_device(bus, pci_bus_num(bus),
+                        spapr_phb_pci_collect_nvgpu, sphb->nvgpus);
+
+    if (sphb->nvgpus->errp) {
+        error_propagate(errp, sphb->nvgpus->errp);
+        sphb->nvgpus->errp = NULL;
+        goto cleanup_exit;
+    }
+
+    /* Add found GPU RAM and ATSD MRs if found */
+    for (i = 0, valid_gpu_num = 0; i < sphb->nvgpus->num; ++i) {
+        Object *nvmrobj;
+        struct spapr_phb_pci_nvgpu_slot *nvslot = &sphb->nvgpus->slots[i];
+
+        if (!nvslot->gpdev) {
+            continue;
+        }
+        nvmrobj = object_property_get_link(OBJECT(nvslot->gpdev),
+                                           "nvlink2-mr[0]", NULL);
+        /* ATSD is pointless without GPU RAM MR so skip those */
+        if (!nvmrobj) {
+            continue;
+        }
+
+        ++valid_gpu_num;
+        memory_region_add_subregion(get_system_memory(), nvslot->gpa,
+                                    MEMORY_REGION(nvmrobj));
+
+        for (j = 0; j < nvslot->linknum; ++j) {
+            Object *atsdmrobj;
+
+            atsdmrobj = object_property_get_link(OBJECT(nvslot->links[j].npdev),
+                                                 "nvlink2-atsd-mr[0]", NULL);
+            if (!atsdmrobj) {
+                continue;
+            }
+            memory_region_add_subregion(get_system_memory(),
+                                        nvslot->links[j].atsd_gpa,
+                                        MEMORY_REGION(atsdmrobj));
+        }
+    }
+
+    if (valid_gpu_num) {
+        return;
+    }
+    /* We did not find any interesting GPU */
+cleanup_exit:
+    g_free(sphb->nvgpus);
+    sphb->nvgpus = NULL;
+}
+
+void spapr_phb_nvgpu_free(sPAPRPHBState *sphb)
+{
+    int i, j;
+
+    if (!sphb->nvgpus) {
+        return;
+    }
+
+    for (i = 0; i < sphb->nvgpus->num; ++i) {
+        struct spapr_phb_pci_nvgpu_slot *nvslot = &sphb->nvgpus->slots[i];
+        Object *nv_mrobj = object_property_get_link(OBJECT(nvslot->gpdev),
+                                                    "nvlink2-mr[0]", NULL);
+
+        if (nv_mrobj) {
+            memory_region_del_subregion(get_system_memory(),
+                                        MEMORY_REGION(nv_mrobj));
+        }
+        for (j = 0; j < nvslot->linknum; ++j) {
+            PCIDevice *npdev = nvslot->links[j].npdev;
+            Object *atsd_mrobj;
+            atsd_mrobj = object_property_get_link(OBJECT(npdev),
+                                                  "nvlink2-atsd-mr[0]", NULL);
+            if (atsd_mrobj) {
+                memory_region_del_subregion(get_system_memory(),
+                                            MEMORY_REGION(atsd_mrobj));
+            }
+        }
+    }
+    g_free(sphb->nvgpus);
+    sphb->nvgpus = NULL;
+}
+
+void spapr_phb_nvgpu_populate_dt(sPAPRPHBState *sphb, void *fdt, int bus_off,
+                                 Error **errp)
+{
+    int i, j, atsdnum = 0;
+    uint64_t atsd[8]; /* The existing limitation of known guests */
+
+    if (!sphb->nvgpus) {
+        return;
+    }
+
+    for (i = 0; (i < sphb->nvgpus->num) && (atsdnum < ARRAY_SIZE(atsd)); ++i) {
+        struct spapr_phb_pci_nvgpu_slot *nvslot = &sphb->nvgpus->slots[i];
+
+        if (!nvslot->gpdev) {
+            continue;
+        }
+        for (j = 0; j < nvslot->linknum; ++j) {
+            if (!nvslot->links[j].atsd_gpa) {
+                continue;
+            }
+
+            if (atsdnum == ARRAY_SIZE(atsd)) {
+                error_report("Only %"PRIuPTR" ATSD registers supported",
+                             ARRAY_SIZE(atsd));
+                break;
+            }
+            atsd[atsdnum] = cpu_to_be64(nvslot->links[j].atsd_gpa);
+            ++atsdnum;
+        }
+    }
+
+    if (!atsdnum) {
+        error_setg(errp, "No ATSD registers found");
+        return;
+    }
+
+    if (!spapr_phb_eeh_available(sphb)) {
+        /*
+         * ibm,mmio-atsd contains ATSD registers; these belong to an NPU PHB
+         * which we do not emulate as a separate device. Instead we put
+         * ibm,mmio-atsd to the vPHB with GPU and make sure that we do not
+         * put GPUs from different IOMMU groups to the same vPHB to ensure
+         * that the guest will use ATSDs from the corresponding NPU.
+         */
+        error_setg(errp, "ATSD requires separate vPHB per GPU IOMMU group");
+        return;
+    }
+
+    _FDT((fdt_setprop(fdt, bus_off, "ibm,mmio-atsd", atsd,
+                      atsdnum * sizeof(atsd[0]))));
+}
+
+void spapr_phb_nvgpu_ram_populate_dt(sPAPRPHBState *sphb, void *fdt)
+{
+    int i, j, linkidx, npuoff;
+    char *npuname;
+
+    if (!sphb->nvgpus) {
+        return;
+    }
+
+    npuname = g_strdup_printf("npuphb%d", sphb->index);
+    npuoff = fdt_add_subnode(fdt, 0, npuname);
+    _FDT(npuoff);
+    _FDT(fdt_setprop_cell(fdt, npuoff, "#address-cells", 1));
+    _FDT(fdt_setprop_cell(fdt, npuoff, "#size-cells", 0));
+    /* Advertise NPU as POWER9 so the guest can enable NPU2 contexts */
+    _FDT((fdt_setprop_string(fdt, npuoff, "compatible", "ibm,power9-npu")));
+    g_free(npuname);
+
+    for (i = 0, linkidx = 0; i < sphb->nvgpus->num; ++i) {
+        for (j = 0; j < sphb->nvgpus->slots[i].linknum; ++j) {
+            char *linkname = g_strdup_printf("link@%d", linkidx);
+            int off = fdt_add_subnode(fdt, npuoff, linkname);
+
+            _FDT(off);
+            /* _FDT((fdt_setprop_cell(fdt, off, "reg", linkidx))); */
+            _FDT((fdt_setprop_string(fdt, off, "compatible",
+                                     "ibm,npu-link")));
+            _FDT((fdt_setprop_cell(fdt, off, "phandle",
+                                   PHANDLE_NVLINK(sphb, i, j))));
+            _FDT((fdt_setprop_cell(fdt, off, "ibm,npu-link-index", linkidx)));
+            g_free(linkname);
+            ++linkidx;
+        }
+    }
+
+    /* Add memory nodes for GPU RAM and mark them unusable */
+    for (i = 0; i < sphb->nvgpus->num; ++i) {
+        struct spapr_phb_pci_nvgpu_slot *nvslot = &sphb->nvgpus->slots[i];
+        Object *nv_mrobj = object_property_get_link(OBJECT(nvslot->gpdev),
+                                                    "nvlink2-mr[0]", NULL);
+        uint32_t associativity[] = {
+            cpu_to_be32(0x4),
+            SPAPR_GPU_NUMA_ID,
+            SPAPR_GPU_NUMA_ID,
+            SPAPR_GPU_NUMA_ID,
+            cpu_to_be32(nvslot->numa_id)
+        };
+        uint64_t size = object_property_get_uint(nv_mrobj, "size", NULL);
+        uint64_t mem_reg[2] = { cpu_to_be64(nvslot->gpa), cpu_to_be64(size) };
+        char *mem_name = g_strdup_printf("memory@%"PRIx64, nvslot->gpa);
+        int off = fdt_add_subnode(fdt, 0, mem_name);
+
+        _FDT(off);
+        _FDT((fdt_setprop_string(fdt, off, "device_type", "memory")));
+        _FDT((fdt_setprop(fdt, off, "reg", mem_reg, sizeof(mem_reg))));
+        _FDT((fdt_setprop(fdt, off, "ibm,associativity", associativity,
+                          sizeof(associativity))));
+
+        _FDT((fdt_setprop_string(fdt, off, "compatible",
+                                 "ibm,coherent-device-memory")));
+
+        mem_reg[1] = cpu_to_be64(0);
+        _FDT((fdt_setprop(fdt, off, "linux,usable-memory", mem_reg,
+                          sizeof(mem_reg))));
+        _FDT((fdt_setprop_cell(fdt, off, "phandle",
+                               PHANDLE_GPURAM(sphb, i))));
+        g_free(mem_name);
+    }
+
+}
+
+void spapr_phb_nvgpu_populate_pcidev_dt(PCIDevice *dev, void *fdt, int offset,
+                                        sPAPRPHBState *sphb)
+{
+    int i, j;
+
+    if (!sphb->nvgpus) {
+        return;
+    }
+
+    for (i = 0; i < sphb->nvgpus->num; ++i) {
+        struct spapr_phb_pci_nvgpu_slot *nvslot = &sphb->nvgpus->slots[i];
+
+        /* Skip "slot" without attached GPU */
+        if (!nvslot->gpdev) {
+            continue;
+        }
+        if (dev == nvslot->gpdev) {
+            uint32_t npus[nvslot->linknum];
+
+            for (j = 0; j < nvslot->linknum; ++j) {
+                PCIDevice *npdev = nvslot->links[j].npdev;
+
+                npus[j] = cpu_to_be32(PHANDLE_PCIDEV(sphb, npdev));
+            }
+            _FDT(fdt_setprop(fdt, offset, "ibm,npu", npus,
+                             j * sizeof(npus[0])));
+            _FDT((fdt_setprop_cell(fdt, offset, "phandle",
+                                   PHANDLE_PCIDEV(sphb, dev))));
+            continue;
+        }
+
+        for (j = 0; j < nvslot->linknum; ++j) {
+            if (dev != nvslot->links[j].npdev) {
+                continue;
+            }
+
+            _FDT((fdt_setprop_cell(fdt, offset, "phandle",
+                                   PHANDLE_PCIDEV(sphb, dev))));
+            _FDT(fdt_setprop_cell(fdt, offset, "ibm,gpu",
+                                  PHANDLE_PCIDEV(sphb, nvslot->gpdev)));
+            _FDT((fdt_setprop_cell(fdt, offset, "ibm,nvlink",
+                                   PHANDLE_NVLINK(sphb, i, j))));
+            /*
+             * If we ever want to emulate GPU RAM at the same location as on
+             * the host - here is the encoding GPA->TGT:
+             *
+             * gta  = ((sphb->nv2_gpa >> 42) & 0x1) << 42;
+             * gta |= ((sphb->nv2_gpa >> 45) & 0x3) << 43;
+             * gta |= ((sphb->nv2_gpa >> 49) & 0x3) << 45;
+             * gta |= sphb->nv2_gpa & ((1UL << 43) - 1);
+             */
+            _FDT(fdt_setprop_cell(fdt, offset, "memory-region",
+                                  PHANDLE_GPURAM(sphb, i)));
+            _FDT(fdt_setprop_u64(fdt, offset, "ibm,device-tgt-addr",
+                                 nvslot->tgt));
+            _FDT(fdt_setprop_cell(fdt, offset, "ibm,nvlink-speed",
+                                  nvslot->links[j].link_speed));
+        }
+    }
+}
diff --git a/hw/vfio/pci-quirks.c b/hw/vfio/pci-quirks.c
index 92457ed..1beedca 100644
--- a/hw/vfio/pci-quirks.c
+++ b/hw/vfio/pci-quirks.c
@@ -1968,3 +1968,134 @@ int vfio_add_virt_caps(VFIOPCIDevice *vdev, Error **errp)
 
     return 0;
 }
+
+static void vfio_pci_nvlink2_get_tgt(Object *obj, Visitor *v,
+                                     const char *name,
+                                     void *opaque, Error **errp)
+{
+    uint64_t tgt = (uintptr_t) opaque;
+    visit_type_uint64(v, name, &tgt, errp);
+}
+
+static void vfio_pci_nvlink2_get_link_speed(Object *obj, Visitor *v,
+                                                 const char *name,
+                                                 void *opaque, Error **errp)
+{
+    uint32_t link_speed = (uint32_t)(uintptr_t) opaque;
+    visit_type_uint32(v, name, &link_speed, errp);
+}
+
+int vfio_pci_nvidia_v100_ram_init(VFIOPCIDevice *vdev, Error **errp)
+{
+    int ret;
+    void *p;
+    struct vfio_region_info *nv2reg = NULL;
+    struct vfio_info_cap_header *hdr;
+    struct vfio_region_info_cap_nvlink2_ssatgt *cap;
+    VFIOQuirk *quirk;
+
+    ret = vfio_get_dev_region_info(&vdev->vbasedev,
+                                   VFIO_REGION_TYPE_PCI_VENDOR_TYPE |
+                                   PCI_VENDOR_ID_NVIDIA,
+                                   VFIO_REGION_SUBTYPE_NVIDIA_NVLINK2_RAM,
+                                   &nv2reg);
+    if (ret) {
+        return ret;
+    }
+
+    hdr = vfio_get_region_info_cap(nv2reg, VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_NVLINK2_SSATGT);
+    if (!hdr) {
+        ret = -ENODEV;
+        goto free_exit;
+    }
+    cap = (void *) hdr;
+
+    p = mmap(NULL, nv2reg->size, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE | PROT_EXEC,
+             MAP_SHARED, vdev->vbasedev.fd, nv2reg->offset);
+    if (p == MAP_FAILED) {
+        ret = -errno;
+        goto free_exit;
+    }
+
+    quirk = vfio_quirk_alloc(1);
+    memory_region_init_ram_ptr(&quirk->mem[0], OBJECT(vdev), "nvlink2-mr",
+                               nv2reg->size, p);
+    QLIST_INSERT_HEAD(&vdev->bars[0].quirks, quirk, next);
+
+    object_property_add(OBJECT(vdev), "nvlink2-tgt", "uint64",
+                        vfio_pci_nvlink2_get_tgt, NULL, NULL,
+                        (void *) (uintptr_t) cap->tgt, NULL);
+    trace_vfio_pci_nvidia_gpu_setup_quirk(vdev->vbasedev.name, cap->tgt,
+                                          nv2reg->size);
+free_exit:
+    g_free(nv2reg);
+
+    return ret;
+}
+
+int vfio_pci_nvlink2_init(VFIOPCIDevice *vdev, Error **errp)
+{
+    int ret;
+    void *p;
+    struct vfio_region_info *atsdreg = NULL;
+    struct vfio_info_cap_header *hdr;
+    struct vfio_region_info_cap_nvlink2_ssatgt *captgt;
+    struct vfio_region_info_cap_nvlink2_lnkspd *capspeed;
+    VFIOQuirk *quirk;
+
+    ret = vfio_get_dev_region_info(&vdev->vbasedev,
+                                   VFIO_REGION_TYPE_PCI_VENDOR_TYPE |
+                                   PCI_VENDOR_ID_IBM,
+                                   VFIO_REGION_SUBTYPE_IBM_NVLINK2_ATSD,
+                                   &atsdreg);
+    if (ret) {
+        return ret;
+    }
+
+    hdr = vfio_get_region_info_cap(atsdreg,
+                                   VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_NVLINK2_SSATGT);
+    if (!hdr) {
+        ret = -ENODEV;
+        goto free_exit;
+    }
+    captgt = (void *) hdr;
+
+    hdr = vfio_get_region_info_cap(atsdreg,
+                                   VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_NVLINK2_LNKSPD);
+    if (!hdr) {
+        ret = -ENODEV;
+        goto free_exit;
+    }
+    capspeed = (void *) hdr;
+
+    /* Some NVLink bridges may not have assigned ATSD */
+    if (atsdreg->size) {
+        p = mmap(NULL, atsdreg->size, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE | PROT_EXEC,
+                 MAP_SHARED, vdev->vbasedev.fd, atsdreg->offset);
+        if (p == MAP_FAILED) {
+            ret = -errno;
+            goto free_exit;
+        }
+
+        quirk = vfio_quirk_alloc(1);
+        memory_region_init_ram_device_ptr(&quirk->mem[0], OBJECT(vdev),
+                                          "nvlink2-atsd-mr", atsdreg->size, p);
+        QLIST_INSERT_HEAD(&vdev->bars[0].quirks, quirk, next);
+    }
+
+    object_property_add(OBJECT(vdev), "nvlink2-tgt", "uint64",
+                        vfio_pci_nvlink2_get_tgt, NULL, NULL,
+                        (void *) (uintptr_t) captgt->tgt, NULL);
+    trace_vfio_pci_nvlink2_setup_quirk_ssatgt(vdev->vbasedev.name, captgt->tgt,
+                                              atsdreg->size);
+
+    object_property_add(OBJECT(vdev), "nvlink2-link-speed", "uint32",
+                        vfio_pci_nvlink2_get_link_speed, NULL, NULL,
+                        (void *) (uintptr_t) capspeed->link_speed, NULL);
+    trace_vfio_pci_nvlink2_setup_quirk_lnkspd(vdev->vbasedev.name,
+                                              capspeed->link_speed);
+free_exit:
+    g_free(atsdreg);
+
+    return ret;
+}
diff --git a/hw/vfio/pci.c b/hw/vfio/pci.c
index ba3a393..735dcae 100644
--- a/hw/vfio/pci.c
+++ b/hw/vfio/pci.c
@@ -3078,6 +3078,20 @@ static void vfio_realize(PCIDevice *pdev, Error **errp)
         }
     }
 
+    if (vdev->vendor_id == PCI_VENDOR_ID_NVIDIA) {
+        ret = vfio_pci_nvidia_v100_ram_init(vdev, errp);
+        if (ret && ret != -ENODEV) {
+            error_report("Failed to setup NVIDIA V100 GPU RAM");
+        }
+    }
+
+    if (vdev->vendor_id == PCI_VENDOR_ID_IBM) {
+        ret = vfio_pci_nvlink2_init(vdev, errp);
+        if (ret && ret != -ENODEV) {
+            error_report("Failed to setup NVlink2 bridge");
+        }
+    }
+
     vfio_register_err_notifier(vdev);
     vfio_register_req_notifier(vdev);
     vfio_setup_resetfn_quirk(vdev);
diff --git a/hw/vfio/pci.h b/hw/vfio/pci.h
index 629c875..bf07b43 100644
--- a/hw/vfio/pci.h
+++ b/hw/vfio/pci.h
@@ -175,6 +175,8 @@ int vfio_populate_vga(VFIOPCIDevice *vdev, Error **errp);
 int vfio_pci_igd_opregion_init(VFIOPCIDevice *vdev,
                                struct vfio_region_info *info,
                                Error **errp);
+int vfio_pci_nvidia_v100_ram_init(VFIOPCIDevice *vdev, Error **errp);
+int vfio_pci_nvlink2_init(VFIOPCIDevice *vdev, Error **errp);
 
 int vfio_display_probe(VFIOPCIDevice *vdev, Error **errp);
 void vfio_display_finalize(VFIOPCIDevice *vdev);
diff --git a/hw/vfio/trace-events b/hw/vfio/trace-events
index 9487887..c9a9c14 100644
--- a/hw/vfio/trace-events
+++ b/hw/vfio/trace-events
@@ -84,6 +84,10 @@ vfio_pci_igd_opregion_enabled(const char *name) "%s"
 vfio_pci_igd_host_bridge_enabled(const char *name) "%s"
 vfio_pci_igd_lpc_bridge_enabled(const char *name) "%s"
 
+vfio_pci_nvidia_gpu_setup_quirk(const char *name, uint64_t tgt, uint64_t size) "%s tgt=0x%"PRIx64" size=0x%"PRIx64
+vfio_pci_nvlink2_setup_quirk_ssatgt(const char *name, uint64_t tgt, uint64_t size) "%s tgt=0x%"PRIx64" size=0x%"PRIx64
+vfio_pci_nvlink2_setup_quirk_lnkspd(const char *name, uint32_t link_speed) "%s link_speed=0x%x"
+
 # hw/vfio/common.c
 vfio_region_write(const char *name, int index, uint64_t addr, uint64_t data, unsigned size) " (%s:region%d+0x%"PRIx64", 0x%"PRIx64 ", %d)"
 vfio_region_read(char *name, int index, uint64_t addr, unsigned size, uint64_t data) " (%s:region%d+0x%"PRIx64", %d) = 0x%"PRIx64
diff --git a/include/hw/pci-host/spapr.h b/include/hw/pci-host/spapr.h
index 0fae4fc..cd29c59 100644
--- a/include/hw/pci-host/spapr.h
+++ b/include/hw/pci-host/spapr.h
@@ -24,6 +24,7 @@
 #include "hw/pci/pci.h"
 #include "hw/pci/pci_host.h"
 #include "hw/ppc/xics.h"
+#include "qemu/units.h"
 
 #define TYPE_SPAPR_PCI_HOST_BRIDGE "spapr-pci-host-bridge"
 
@@ -87,6 +88,9 @@ struct sPAPRPHBState {
     uint32_t mig_liobn;
     hwaddr mig_mem_win_addr, mig_mem_win_size;
     hwaddr mig_io_win_addr, mig_io_win_size;
+    hwaddr nv2_gpa_win_addr;
+    hwaddr nv2_atsd_win_addr;
+    struct spapr_phb_pci_nvgpu_config *nvgpus;
 };
 
 #define SPAPR_PCI_MEM_WIN_BUS_OFFSET 0x80000000ULL
@@ -104,6 +108,22 @@ struct sPAPRPHBState {
 
 #define SPAPR_PCI_MSI_WINDOW         0x40000000000ULL
 
+#define SPAPR_PCI_NV2RAM64_WIN_BASE  SPAPR_PCI_LIMIT
+#define SPAPR_PCI_NV2RAM64_WIN_SIZE  (2 * TiB) /* For up to 6 GPUs 256GB each */
+
+/* Max number of these GPUsper a physical box */
+#define NVGPU_MAX_NUM                6
+/* Max number of NVLinks per GPU in any physical box */
+#define NVGPU_MAX_LINKS              3
+
+/*
+ * GPU RAM starts at 64TiB so huge DMA window to cover it all ends at 128TiB
+ * which is enough. We do not need DMA for ATSD so we put them at 128TiB.
+ */
+#define SPAPR_PCI_NV2ATSD_WIN_BASE   (128 * TiB)
+#define SPAPR_PCI_NV2ATSD_WIN_SIZE   (NVGPU_MAX_NUM * NVGPU_MAX_LINKS * \
+                                      64 * KiB)
+
 static inline qemu_irq spapr_phb_lsi_qirq(struct sPAPRPHBState *phb, int pin)
 {
     sPAPRMachineState *spapr = SPAPR_MACHINE(qdev_get_machine());
@@ -135,6 +155,13 @@ int spapr_phb_vfio_eeh_get_state(sPAPRPHBState *sphb, int *state);
 int spapr_phb_vfio_eeh_reset(sPAPRPHBState *sphb, int option);
 int spapr_phb_vfio_eeh_configure(sPAPRPHBState *sphb);
 void spapr_phb_vfio_reset(DeviceState *qdev);
+void spapr_phb_nvgpu_setup(sPAPRPHBState *sphb, Error **errp);
+void spapr_phb_nvgpu_free(sPAPRPHBState *sphb);
+void spapr_phb_nvgpu_populate_dt(sPAPRPHBState *sphb, void *fdt, int bus_off,
+                                 Error **errp);
+void spapr_phb_nvgpu_ram_populate_dt(sPAPRPHBState *sphb, void *fdt);
+void spapr_phb_nvgpu_populate_pcidev_dt(PCIDevice *dev, void *fdt, int offset,
+                                        sPAPRPHBState *sphb);
 #else
 static inline bool spapr_phb_eeh_available(sPAPRPHBState *sphb)
 {
@@ -161,6 +188,25 @@ static inline int spapr_phb_vfio_eeh_configure(sPAPRPHBState *sphb)
 static inline void spapr_phb_vfio_reset(DeviceState *qdev)
 {
 }
+static inline void spapr_phb_nvgpu_setup(sPAPRPHBState *sphb, Error **errp)
+{
+}
+static inline void spapr_phb_nvgpu_free(sPAPRPHBState *sphb)
+{
+}
+static inline void spapr_phb_nvgpu_populate_dt(sPAPRPHBState *sphb, void *fdt,
+                                               int bus_off, Error **errp)
+{
+}
+static inline void spapr_phb_nvgpu_ram_populate_dt(sPAPRPHBState *sphb,
+                                                   void *fdt)
+{
+}
+static inline void spapr_phb_nvgpu_populate_pcidev_dt(PCIDevice *dev, void *fdt,
+                                                      int offset,
+                                                      sPAPRPHBState *sphb)
+{
+}
 #endif
 
 void spapr_phb_dma_reset(sPAPRPHBState *sphb);
diff --git a/include/hw/ppc/spapr.h b/include/hw/ppc/spapr.h
index beb42bc..72cfa49 100644
--- a/include/hw/ppc/spapr.h
+++ b/include/hw/ppc/spapr.h
@@ -104,7 +104,8 @@ struct sPAPRMachineClass {
     void (*phb_placement)(sPAPRMachineState *spapr, uint32_t index,
                           uint64_t *buid, hwaddr *pio, 
                           hwaddr *mmio32, hwaddr *mmio64,
-                          unsigned n_dma, uint32_t *liobns, Error **errp);
+                          unsigned n_dma, uint32_t *liobns, hwaddr *nv2gpa,
+                          hwaddr *nv2atsd, Error **errp);
     sPAPRResizeHPT resize_hpt_default;
     sPAPRCapabilities default_caps;
 };
@@ -171,6 +172,8 @@ struct sPAPRMachineState {
 
     bool cmd_line_caps[SPAPR_CAP_NUM];
     sPAPRCapabilities def, eff, mig;
+
+    unsigned gpu_numa_id;
 };
 
 #define H_SUCCESS         0
-- 
1.8.3.1