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From 4d4eb9e793e7722c05c697812320a14ae5797bae Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Pino Toscano <ptoscano@redhat.com>
Date: Mon, 8 Jul 2019 15:26:00 +0100
Subject: [PATCH 14/39] ssh: switch from libssh2 to libssh
MIME-Version: 1.0
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8
Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit

RH-Author: Pino Toscano <ptoscano@redhat.com>
Message-id: <20190708152601.21123-10-ptoscano@redhat.com>
Patchwork-id: 89421
O-Subject: [RHEL-8.1.0 qemu-kvm PATCH v3 09/10] ssh: switch from libssh2 to libssh
Bugzilla: 1513367
RH-Acked-by: Philippe Mathieu-Daudé <philmd@redhat.com>
RH-Acked-by: Max Reitz <mreitz@redhat.com>
RH-Acked-by: Miroslav Rezanina <mrezanin@redhat.com>
RH-Acked-by: Markus Armbruster <armbru@redhat.com>

Rewrite the implementation of the ssh block driver to use libssh instead
of libssh2.  The libssh library has various advantages over libssh2:
- easier API for authentication (for example for using ssh-agent)
- easier API for known_hosts handling
- supports newer types of keys in known_hosts

Use APIs/features available in libssh 0.8 conditionally, to support
older versions (which are not recommended though).

Adjust the iotest 207 according to the different error message, and to
find the default key type for localhost (to properly compare the
fingerprint with).
Contributed-by: Max Reitz <mreitz@redhat.com>

Adjust the various Docker/Travis scripts to use libssh when available
instead of libssh2. The mingw/mxe testing is dropped for now, as there
are no packages for it.

Signed-off-by: Pino Toscano <ptoscano@redhat.com>
Tested-by: Philippe Mathieu-Daudé <philmd@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Alex Bennée <alex.bennee@linaro.org>
Message-id: 20190620200840.17655-1-ptoscano@redhat.com
Reviewed-by: Philippe Mathieu-Daudé <philmd@redhat.com>
Message-id: 5873173.t2JhDm7DL7@lindworm.usersys.redhat.com
Signed-off-by: Max Reitz <mreitz@redhat.com>
(cherry picked from commit b10d49d7619e4957b4b971f816661b57e5061d71)
Signed-off-by: Pino Toscano <ptoscano@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Danilo C. L. de Paula <ddepaula@redhat.com>
---
 .travis.yml                                        |   4 +-
 block/Makefile.objs                                |   6 +-
 block/ssh.c                                        | 652 ++++++++++++---------
 block/trace-events                                 |  14 +-
 configure                                          |  65 +-
 docs/qemu-block-drivers.texi                       |   2 +-
 tests/docker/dockerfiles/debian-win32-cross.docker |   1 -
 tests/docker/dockerfiles/debian-win64-cross.docker |   1 -
 tests/docker/dockerfiles/fedora.docker             |   6 +-
 tests/docker/dockerfiles/ubuntu.docker             |   2 +-
 tests/qemu-iotests/207                             |  54 +-
 tests/qemu-iotests/207.out                         |   2 +-
 12 files changed, 450 insertions(+), 359 deletions(-)

diff --git a/.travis.yml b/.travis.yml
index c1e9923..d174d82 100644
--- a/.travis.yml
+++ b/.travis.yml
@@ -28,7 +28,7 @@ addons:
       - libseccomp-dev
       - libspice-protocol-dev
       - libspice-server-dev
-      - libssh2-1-dev
+      - libssh-dev
       - liburcu-dev
       - libusb-1.0-0-dev
       - libvte-2.90-dev
@@ -188,7 +188,7 @@ matrix:
             - libseccomp-dev
             - libspice-protocol-dev
             - libspice-server-dev
-            - libssh2-1-dev
+            - libssh-dev
             - liburcu-dev
             - libusb-1.0-0-dev
             - libvte-2.90-dev
diff --git a/block/Makefile.objs b/block/Makefile.objs
index ac7a1f8..51cd336 100644
--- a/block/Makefile.objs
+++ b/block/Makefile.objs
@@ -30,7 +30,7 @@ block-obj-$(CONFIG_CURL) += curl.o
 block-obj-$(CONFIG_RBD) += rbd.o
 block-obj-$(CONFIG_GLUSTERFS) += gluster.o
 block-obj-$(CONFIG_VXHS) += vxhs.o
-block-obj-$(CONFIG_LIBSSH2) += ssh.o
+block-obj-$(CONFIG_LIBSSH) += ssh.o
 block-obj-y += accounting.o dirty-bitmap.o
 block-obj-y += write-threshold.o
 block-obj-y += backup.o
@@ -51,8 +51,8 @@ rbd.o-libs         := $(RBD_LIBS)
 gluster.o-cflags   := $(GLUSTERFS_CFLAGS)
 gluster.o-libs     := $(GLUSTERFS_LIBS)
 vxhs.o-libs        := $(VXHS_LIBS)
-ssh.o-cflags       := $(LIBSSH2_CFLAGS)
-ssh.o-libs         := $(LIBSSH2_LIBS)
+ssh.o-cflags       := $(LIBSSH_CFLAGS)
+ssh.o-libs         := $(LIBSSH_LIBS)
 block-obj-dmg-bz2-$(CONFIG_BZIP2) += dmg-bz2.o
 block-obj-$(if $(CONFIG_DMG),m,n) += $(block-obj-dmg-bz2-y)
 dmg-bz2.o-libs     := $(BZIP2_LIBS)
diff --git a/block/ssh.c b/block/ssh.c
index f0ef874..a4a374c 100644
--- a/block/ssh.c
+++ b/block/ssh.c
@@ -24,8 +24,8 @@
 
 #include "qemu/osdep.h"
 
-#include <libssh2.h>
-#include <libssh2_sftp.h>
+#include <libssh/libssh.h>
+#include <libssh/sftp.h>
 
 #include "block/block_int.h"
 #include "block/qdict.h"
@@ -44,13 +44,11 @@
 #include "trace.h"
 
 /*
- * TRACE_LIBSSH2=<bitmask> enables tracing in libssh2 itself.  Note
- * that this requires that libssh2 was specially compiled with the
- * `./configure --enable-debug' option, so most likely you will have
- * to compile it yourself.  The meaning of <bitmask> is described
- * here: http://www.libssh2.org/libssh2_trace.html
+ * TRACE_LIBSSH=<level> enables tracing in libssh itself.
+ * The meaning of <level> is described here:
+ * http://api.libssh.org/master/group__libssh__log.html
  */
-#define TRACE_LIBSSH2 0 /* or try: LIBSSH2_TRACE_SFTP */
+#define TRACE_LIBSSH  0 /* see: SSH_LOG_* */
 
 typedef struct BDRVSSHState {
     /* Coroutine. */
@@ -58,18 +56,15 @@ typedef struct BDRVSSHState {
 
     /* SSH connection. */
     int sock;                         /* socket */
-    LIBSSH2_SESSION *session;         /* ssh session */
-    LIBSSH2_SFTP *sftp;               /* sftp session */
-    LIBSSH2_SFTP_HANDLE *sftp_handle; /* sftp remote file handle */
+    ssh_session session;              /* ssh session */
+    sftp_session sftp;                /* sftp session */
+    sftp_file sftp_handle;            /* sftp remote file handle */
 
-    /* See ssh_seek() function below. */
-    int64_t offset;
-    bool offset_op_read;
-
-    /* File attributes at open.  We try to keep the .filesize field
+    /*
+     * File attributes at open.  We try to keep the .size field
      * updated if it changes (eg by writing at the end of the file).
      */
-    LIBSSH2_SFTP_ATTRIBUTES attrs;
+    sftp_attributes attrs;
 
     InetSocketAddress *inet;
 
@@ -89,7 +84,6 @@ static void ssh_state_init(BDRVSSHState *s)
 {
     memset(s, 0, sizeof *s);
     s->sock = -1;
-    s->offset = -1;
     qemu_co_mutex_init(&s->lock);
 }
 
@@ -97,20 +91,18 @@ static void ssh_state_free(BDRVSSHState *s)
 {
     g_free(s->user);
 
+    if (s->attrs) {
+        sftp_attributes_free(s->attrs);
+    }
     if (s->sftp_handle) {
-        libssh2_sftp_close(s->sftp_handle);
+        sftp_close(s->sftp_handle);
     }
     if (s->sftp) {
-        libssh2_sftp_shutdown(s->sftp);
+        sftp_free(s->sftp);
     }
     if (s->session) {
-        libssh2_session_disconnect(s->session,
-                                   "from qemu ssh client: "
-                                   "user closed the connection");
-        libssh2_session_free(s->session);
-    }
-    if (s->sock >= 0) {
-        close(s->sock);
+        ssh_disconnect(s->session);
+        ssh_free(s->session); /* This frees s->sock */
     }
 }
 
@@ -125,13 +117,13 @@ session_error_setg(Error **errp, BDRVSSHState *s, const char *fs, ...)
     va_end(args);
 
     if (s->session) {
-        char *ssh_err;
+        const char *ssh_err;
         int ssh_err_code;
 
-        /* This is not an errno.  See <libssh2.h>. */
-        ssh_err_code = libssh2_session_last_error(s->session,
-                                                  &ssh_err, NULL, 0);
-        error_setg(errp, "%s: %s (libssh2 error code: %d)",
+        /* This is not an errno.  See <libssh/libssh.h>. */
+        ssh_err = ssh_get_error(s->session);
+        ssh_err_code = ssh_get_error_code(s->session);
+        error_setg(errp, "%s: %s (libssh error code: %d)",
                    msg, ssh_err, ssh_err_code);
     } else {
         error_setg(errp, "%s", msg);
@@ -150,18 +142,18 @@ sftp_error_setg(Error **errp, BDRVSSHState *s, const char *fs, ...)
     va_end(args);
 
     if (s->sftp) {
-        char *ssh_err;
+        const char *ssh_err;
         int ssh_err_code;
-        unsigned long sftp_err_code;
+        int sftp_err_code;
 
-        /* This is not an errno.  See <libssh2.h>. */
-        ssh_err_code = libssh2_session_last_error(s->session,
-                                                  &ssh_err, NULL, 0);
-        /* See <libssh2_sftp.h>. */
-        sftp_err_code = libssh2_sftp_last_error((s)->sftp);
+        /* This is not an errno.  See <libssh/libssh.h>. */
+        ssh_err = ssh_get_error(s->session);
+        ssh_err_code = ssh_get_error_code(s->session);
+        /* See <libssh/sftp.h>. */
+        sftp_err_code = sftp_get_error(s->sftp);
 
         error_setg(errp,
-                   "%s: %s (libssh2 error code: %d, sftp error code: %lu)",
+                   "%s: %s (libssh error code: %d, sftp error code: %d)",
                    msg, ssh_err, ssh_err_code, sftp_err_code);
     } else {
         error_setg(errp, "%s", msg);
@@ -171,15 +163,15 @@ sftp_error_setg(Error **errp, BDRVSSHState *s, const char *fs, ...)
 
 static void sftp_error_trace(BDRVSSHState *s, const char *op)
 {
-    char *ssh_err;
+    const char *ssh_err;
     int ssh_err_code;
-    unsigned long sftp_err_code;
+    int sftp_err_code;
 
-    /* This is not an errno.  See <libssh2.h>. */
-    ssh_err_code = libssh2_session_last_error(s->session,
-                                              &ssh_err, NULL, 0);
-    /* See <libssh2_sftp.h>. */
-    sftp_err_code = libssh2_sftp_last_error((s)->sftp);
+    /* This is not an errno.  See <libssh/libssh.h>. */
+    ssh_err = ssh_get_error(s->session);
+    ssh_err_code = ssh_get_error_code(s->session);
+    /* See <libssh/sftp.h>. */
+    sftp_err_code = sftp_get_error(s->sftp);
 
     trace_sftp_error(op, ssh_err, ssh_err_code, sftp_err_code);
 }
@@ -280,82 +272,120 @@ static void ssh_parse_filename(const char *filename, QDict *options,
     parse_uri(filename, options, errp);
 }
 
-static int check_host_key_knownhosts(BDRVSSHState *s,
-                                     const char *host, int port, Error **errp)
+static int check_host_key_knownhosts(BDRVSSHState *s, Error **errp)
 {
-    const char *home;
-    char *knh_file = NULL;
-    LIBSSH2_KNOWNHOSTS *knh = NULL;
-    struct libssh2_knownhost *found;
-    int ret, r;
-    const char *hostkey;
-    size_t len;
-    int type;
-
-    hostkey = libssh2_session_hostkey(s->session, &len, &type);
-    if (!hostkey) {
+    int ret;
+#ifdef HAVE_LIBSSH_0_8
+    enum ssh_known_hosts_e state;
+    int r;
+    ssh_key pubkey;
+    enum ssh_keytypes_e pubkey_type;
+    unsigned char *server_hash = NULL;
+    size_t server_hash_len;
+    char *fingerprint = NULL;
+
+    state = ssh_session_is_known_server(s->session);
+    trace_ssh_server_status(state);
+
+    switch (state) {
+    case SSH_KNOWN_HOSTS_OK:
+        /* OK */
+        trace_ssh_check_host_key_knownhosts();
+        break;
+    case SSH_KNOWN_HOSTS_CHANGED:
         ret = -EINVAL;
-        session_error_setg(errp, s, "failed to read remote host key");
+        r = ssh_get_server_publickey(s->session, &pubkey);
+        if (r == 0) {
+            r = ssh_get_publickey_hash(pubkey, SSH_PUBLICKEY_HASH_SHA256,
+                                       &server_hash, &server_hash_len);
+            pubkey_type = ssh_key_type(pubkey);
+            ssh_key_free(pubkey);
+        }
+        if (r == 0) {
+            fingerprint = ssh_get_fingerprint_hash(SSH_PUBLICKEY_HASH_SHA256,
+                                                   server_hash,
+                                                   server_hash_len);
+            ssh_clean_pubkey_hash(&server_hash);
+        }
+        if (fingerprint) {
+            error_setg(errp,
+                       "host key (%s key with fingerprint %s) does not match "
+                       "the one in known_hosts; this may be a possible attack",
+                       ssh_key_type_to_char(pubkey_type), fingerprint);
+            ssh_string_free_char(fingerprint);
+        } else  {
+            error_setg(errp,
+                       "host key does not match the one in known_hosts; this "
+                       "may be a possible attack");
+        }
         goto out;
-    }
-
-    knh = libssh2_knownhost_init(s->session);
-    if (!knh) {
+    case SSH_KNOWN_HOSTS_OTHER:
         ret = -EINVAL;
-        session_error_setg(errp, s,
-                           "failed to initialize known hosts support");
+        error_setg(errp,
+                   "host key for this server not found, another type exists");
+        goto out;
+    case SSH_KNOWN_HOSTS_UNKNOWN:
+        ret = -EINVAL;
+        error_setg(errp, "no host key was found in known_hosts");
+        goto out;
+    case SSH_KNOWN_HOSTS_NOT_FOUND:
+        ret = -ENOENT;
+        error_setg(errp, "known_hosts file not found");
+        goto out;
+    case SSH_KNOWN_HOSTS_ERROR:
+        ret = -EINVAL;
+        error_setg(errp, "error while checking the host");
+        goto out;
+    default:
+        ret = -EINVAL;
+        error_setg(errp, "error while checking for known server (%d)", state);
         goto out;
     }
+#else /* !HAVE_LIBSSH_0_8 */
+    int state;
 
-    home = getenv("HOME");
-    if (home) {
-        knh_file = g_strdup_printf("%s/.ssh/known_hosts", home);
-    } else {
-        knh_file = g_strdup_printf("/root/.ssh/known_hosts");
-    }
-
-    /* Read all known hosts from OpenSSH-style known_hosts file. */
-    libssh2_knownhost_readfile(knh, knh_file, LIBSSH2_KNOWNHOST_FILE_OPENSSH);
+    state = ssh_is_server_known(s->session);
+    trace_ssh_server_status(state);
 
-    r = libssh2_knownhost_checkp(knh, host, port, hostkey, len,
-                                 LIBSSH2_KNOWNHOST_TYPE_PLAIN|
-                                 LIBSSH2_KNOWNHOST_KEYENC_RAW,
-                                 &found);
-    switch (r) {
-    case LIBSSH2_KNOWNHOST_CHECK_MATCH:
+    switch (state) {
+    case SSH_SERVER_KNOWN_OK:
         /* OK */
-        trace_ssh_check_host_key_knownhosts(found->key);
+        trace_ssh_check_host_key_knownhosts();
         break;
-    case LIBSSH2_KNOWNHOST_CHECK_MISMATCH:
+    case SSH_SERVER_KNOWN_CHANGED:
         ret = -EINVAL;
-        session_error_setg(errp, s,
-                      "host key does not match the one in known_hosts"
-                      " (found key %s)", found->key);
+        error_setg(errp,
+                   "host key does not match the one in known_hosts; this "
+                   "may be a possible attack");
         goto out;
-    case LIBSSH2_KNOWNHOST_CHECK_NOTFOUND:
+    case SSH_SERVER_FOUND_OTHER:
         ret = -EINVAL;
-        session_error_setg(errp, s, "no host key was found in known_hosts");
+        error_setg(errp,
+                   "host key for this server not found, another type exists");
         goto out;
-    case LIBSSH2_KNOWNHOST_CHECK_FAILURE:
+    case SSH_SERVER_FILE_NOT_FOUND:
+        ret = -ENOENT;
+        error_setg(errp, "known_hosts file not found");
+        goto out;
+    case SSH_SERVER_NOT_KNOWN:
         ret = -EINVAL;
-        session_error_setg(errp, s,
-                      "failure matching the host key with known_hosts");
+        error_setg(errp, "no host key was found in known_hosts");
+        goto out;
+    case SSH_SERVER_ERROR:
+        ret = -EINVAL;
+        error_setg(errp, "server error");
         goto out;
     default:
         ret = -EINVAL;
-        session_error_setg(errp, s, "unknown error matching the host key"
-                      " with known_hosts (%d)", r);
+        error_setg(errp, "error while checking for known server (%d)", state);
         goto out;
     }
+#endif /* !HAVE_LIBSSH_0_8 */
 
     /* known_hosts checking successful. */
     ret = 0;
 
  out:
-    if (knh != NULL) {
-        libssh2_knownhost_free(knh);
-    }
-    g_free(knh_file);
     return ret;
 }
 
@@ -399,18 +429,34 @@ static int compare_fingerprint(const unsigned char *fingerprint, size_t len,
 
 static int
 check_host_key_hash(BDRVSSHState *s, const char *hash,
-                    int hash_type, size_t fingerprint_len, Error **errp)
+                    enum ssh_publickey_hash_type type, Error **errp)
 {
-    const char *fingerprint;
-
-    fingerprint = libssh2_hostkey_hash(s->session, hash_type);
-    if (!fingerprint) {
+    int r;
+    ssh_key pubkey;
+    unsigned char *server_hash;
+    size_t server_hash_len;
+
+#ifdef HAVE_LIBSSH_0_8
+    r = ssh_get_server_publickey(s->session, &pubkey);
+#else
+    r = ssh_get_publickey(s->session, &pubkey);
+#endif
+    if (r != SSH_OK) {
         session_error_setg(errp, s, "failed to read remote host key");
         return -EINVAL;
     }
 
-    if(compare_fingerprint((unsigned char *) fingerprint, fingerprint_len,
-                           hash) != 0) {
+    r = ssh_get_publickey_hash(pubkey, type, &server_hash, &server_hash_len);
+    ssh_key_free(pubkey);
+    if (r != 0) {
+        session_error_setg(errp, s,
+                           "failed reading the hash of the server SSH key");
+        return -EINVAL;
+    }
+
+    r = compare_fingerprint(server_hash, server_hash_len, hash);
+    ssh_clean_pubkey_hash(&server_hash);
+    if (r != 0) {
         error_setg(errp, "remote host key does not match host_key_check '%s'",
                    hash);
         return -EPERM;
@@ -419,8 +465,7 @@ check_host_key_hash(BDRVSSHState *s, const char *hash,
     return 0;
 }
 
-static int check_host_key(BDRVSSHState *s, const char *host, int port,
-                          SshHostKeyCheck *hkc, Error **errp)
+static int check_host_key(BDRVSSHState *s, SshHostKeyCheck *hkc, Error **errp)
 {
     SshHostKeyCheckMode mode;
 
@@ -436,15 +481,15 @@ static int check_host_key(BDRVSSHState *s, const char *host, int port,
     case SSH_HOST_KEY_CHECK_MODE_HASH:
         if (hkc->u.hash.type == SSH_HOST_KEY_CHECK_HASH_TYPE_MD5) {
             return check_host_key_hash(s, hkc->u.hash.hash,
-                                       LIBSSH2_HOSTKEY_HASH_MD5, 16, errp);
+                                       SSH_PUBLICKEY_HASH_MD5, errp);
         } else if (hkc->u.hash.type == SSH_HOST_KEY_CHECK_HASH_TYPE_SHA1) {
             return check_host_key_hash(s, hkc->u.hash.hash,
-                                       LIBSSH2_HOSTKEY_HASH_SHA1, 20, errp);
+                                       SSH_PUBLICKEY_HASH_SHA1, errp);
         }
         g_assert_not_reached();
         break;
     case SSH_HOST_KEY_CHECK_MODE_KNOWN_HOSTS:
-        return check_host_key_knownhosts(s, host, port, errp);
+        return check_host_key_knownhosts(s, errp);
     default:
         g_assert_not_reached();
     }
@@ -452,60 +497,43 @@ static int check_host_key(BDRVSSHState *s, const char *host, int port,
     return -EINVAL;
 }
 
-static int authenticate(BDRVSSHState *s, const char *user, Error **errp)
+static int authenticate(BDRVSSHState *s, Error **errp)
 {
     int r, ret;
-    const char *userauthlist;
-    LIBSSH2_AGENT *agent = NULL;
-    struct libssh2_agent_publickey *identity;
-    struct libssh2_agent_publickey *prev_identity = NULL;
+    int method;
 
-    userauthlist = libssh2_userauth_list(s->session, user, strlen(user));
-    if (strstr(userauthlist, "publickey") == NULL) {
+    /* Try to authenticate with the "none" method. */
+    r = ssh_userauth_none(s->session, NULL);
+    if (r == SSH_AUTH_ERROR) {
         ret = -EPERM;
-        error_setg(errp,
-                "remote server does not support \"publickey\" authentication");
+        session_error_setg(errp, s, "failed to authenticate using none "
+                                    "authentication");
         goto out;
-    }
-
-    /* Connect to ssh-agent and try each identity in turn. */
-    agent = libssh2_agent_init(s->session);
-    if (!agent) {
-        ret = -EINVAL;
-        session_error_setg(errp, s, "failed to initialize ssh-agent support");
-        goto out;
-    }
-    if (libssh2_agent_connect(agent)) {
-        ret = -ECONNREFUSED;
-        session_error_setg(errp, s, "failed to connect to ssh-agent");
-        goto out;
-    }
-    if (libssh2_agent_list_identities(agent)) {
-        ret = -EINVAL;
-        session_error_setg(errp, s,
-                           "failed requesting identities from ssh-agent");
+    } else if (r == SSH_AUTH_SUCCESS) {
+        /* Authenticated! */
+        ret = 0;
         goto out;
     }
 
-    for(;;) {
-        r = libssh2_agent_get_identity(agent, &identity, prev_identity);
-        if (r == 1) {           /* end of list */
-            break;
-        }
-        if (r < 0) {
+    method = ssh_userauth_list(s->session, NULL);
+    trace_ssh_auth_methods(method);
+
+    /*
+     * Try to authenticate with publickey, using the ssh-agent
+     * if available.
+     */
+    if (method & SSH_AUTH_METHOD_PUBLICKEY) {
+        r = ssh_userauth_publickey_auto(s->session, NULL, NULL);
+        if (r == SSH_AUTH_ERROR) {
             ret = -EINVAL;
-            session_error_setg(errp, s,
-                               "failed to obtain identity from ssh-agent");
+            session_error_setg(errp, s, "failed to authenticate using "
+                                        "publickey authentication");
             goto out;
-        }
-        r = libssh2_agent_userauth(agent, user, identity);
-        if (r == 0) {
+        } else if (r == SSH_AUTH_SUCCESS) {
             /* Authenticated! */
             ret = 0;
             goto out;
         }
-        /* Failed to authenticate with this identity, try the next one. */
-        prev_identity = identity;
     }
 
     ret = -EPERM;
@@ -513,13 +541,6 @@ static int authenticate(BDRVSSHState *s, const char *user, Error **errp)
                "and the identities held by your ssh-agent");
 
  out:
-    if (agent != NULL) {
-        /* Note: libssh2 implementation implicitly calls
-         * libssh2_agent_disconnect if necessary.
-         */
-        libssh2_agent_free(agent);
-    }
-
     return ret;
 }
 
@@ -638,7 +659,8 @@ static int connect_to_ssh(BDRVSSHState *s, BlockdevOptionsSsh *opts,
                           int ssh_flags, int creat_mode, Error **errp)
 {
     int r, ret;
-    long port = 0;
+    unsigned int port = 0;
+    int new_sock = -1;
 
     if (opts->has_user) {
         s->user = g_strdup(opts->user);
@@ -655,71 +677,147 @@ static int connect_to_ssh(BDRVSSHState *s, BlockdevOptionsSsh *opts,
     s->inet = opts->server;
     opts->server = NULL;
 
-    if (qemu_strtol(s->inet->port, NULL, 10, &port) < 0) {
+    if (qemu_strtoui(s->inet->port, NULL, 10, &port) < 0) {
         error_setg(errp, "Use only numeric port value");
         ret = -EINVAL;
         goto err;
     }
 
     /* Open the socket and connect. */
-    s->sock = inet_connect_saddr(s->inet, errp);
-    if (s->sock < 0) {
+    new_sock = inet_connect_saddr(s->inet, errp);
+    if (new_sock < 0) {
         ret = -EIO;
         goto err;
     }
 
+    /*
+     * Try to disable the Nagle algorithm on TCP sockets to reduce latency,
+     * but do not fail if it cannot be disabled.
+     */
+    r = socket_set_nodelay(new_sock);
+    if (r < 0) {
+        warn_report("can't set TCP_NODELAY for the ssh server %s: %s",
+                    s->inet->host, strerror(errno));
+    }
+
     /* Create SSH session. */
-    s->session = libssh2_session_init();
+    s->session = ssh_new();
     if (!s->session) {
         ret = -EINVAL;
-        session_error_setg(errp, s, "failed to initialize libssh2 session");
+        session_error_setg(errp, s, "failed to initialize libssh session");
         goto err;
     }
 
-#if TRACE_LIBSSH2 != 0
-    libssh2_trace(s->session, TRACE_LIBSSH2);
-#endif
+    /*
+     * Make sure we are in blocking mode during the connection and
+     * authentication phases.
+     */
+    ssh_set_blocking(s->session, 1);
 
-    r = libssh2_session_handshake(s->session, s->sock);
-    if (r != 0) {
+    r = ssh_options_set(s->session, SSH_OPTIONS_USER, s->user);
+    if (r < 0) {
+        ret = -EINVAL;
+        session_error_setg(errp, s,
+                           "failed to set the user in the libssh session");
+        goto err;
+    }
+
+    r = ssh_options_set(s->session, SSH_OPTIONS_HOST, s->inet->host);
+    if (r < 0) {
+        ret = -EINVAL;
+        session_error_setg(errp, s,
+                           "failed to set the host in the libssh session");
+        goto err;
+    }
+
+    if (port > 0) {
+        r = ssh_options_set(s->session, SSH_OPTIONS_PORT, &port);
+        if (r < 0) {
+            ret = -EINVAL;
+            session_error_setg(errp, s,
+                               "failed to set the port in the libssh session");
+            goto err;
+        }
+    }
+
+    r = ssh_options_set(s->session, SSH_OPTIONS_COMPRESSION, "none");
+    if (r < 0) {
+        ret = -EINVAL;
+        session_error_setg(errp, s,
+                           "failed to disable the compression in the libssh "
+                           "session");
+        goto err;
+    }
+
+    /* Read ~/.ssh/config. */
+    r = ssh_options_parse_config(s->session, NULL);
+    if (r < 0) {
+        ret = -EINVAL;
+        session_error_setg(errp, s, "failed to parse ~/.ssh/config");
+        goto err;
+    }
+
+    r = ssh_options_set(s->session, SSH_OPTIONS_FD, &new_sock);
+    if (r < 0) {
+        ret = -EINVAL;
+        session_error_setg(errp, s,
+                           "failed to set the socket in the libssh session");
+        goto err;
+    }
+    /* libssh took ownership of the socket. */
+    s->sock = new_sock;
+    new_sock = -1;
+
+    /* Connect. */
+    r = ssh_connect(s->session);
+    if (r != SSH_OK) {
         ret = -EINVAL;
         session_error_setg(errp, s, "failed to establish SSH session");
         goto err;
     }
 
     /* Check the remote host's key against known_hosts. */
-    ret = check_host_key(s, s->inet->host, port, opts->host_key_check, errp);
+    ret = check_host_key(s, opts->host_key_check, errp);
     if (ret < 0) {
         goto err;
     }
 
     /* Authenticate. */
-    ret = authenticate(s, s->user, errp);
+    ret = authenticate(s, errp);
     if (ret < 0) {
         goto err;
     }
 
     /* Start SFTP. */
-    s->sftp = libssh2_sftp_init(s->session);
+    s->sftp = sftp_new(s->session);
     if (!s->sftp) {
-        session_error_setg(errp, s, "failed to initialize sftp handle");
+        session_error_setg(errp, s, "failed to create sftp handle");
+        ret = -EINVAL;
+        goto err;
+    }
+
+    r = sftp_init(s->sftp);
+    if (r < 0) {
+        sftp_error_setg(errp, s, "failed to initialize sftp handle");
         ret = -EINVAL;
         goto err;
     }
 
     /* Open the remote file. */
     trace_ssh_connect_to_ssh(opts->path, ssh_flags, creat_mode);
-    s->sftp_handle = libssh2_sftp_open(s->sftp, opts->path, ssh_flags,
-                                       creat_mode);
+    s->sftp_handle = sftp_open(s->sftp, opts->path, ssh_flags, creat_mode);
     if (!s->sftp_handle) {
-        session_error_setg(errp, s, "failed to open remote file '%s'",
-                           opts->path);
+        sftp_error_setg(errp, s, "failed to open remote file '%s'",
+                        opts->path);
         ret = -EINVAL;
         goto err;
     }
 
-    r = libssh2_sftp_fstat(s->sftp_handle, &s->attrs);
-    if (r < 0) {
+    /* Make sure the SFTP file is handled in blocking mode. */
+    sftp_file_set_blocking(s->sftp_handle);
+
+    s->attrs = sftp_fstat(s->sftp_handle);
+    if (!s->attrs) {
         sftp_error_setg(errp, s, "failed to read file attributes");
         return -EINVAL;
     }
@@ -727,21 +825,27 @@ static int connect_to_ssh(BDRVSSHState *s, BlockdevOptionsSsh *opts,
     return 0;
 
  err:
+    if (s->attrs) {
+        sftp_attributes_free(s->attrs);
+    }
+    s->attrs = NULL;
     if (s->sftp_handle) {
-        libssh2_sftp_close(s->sftp_handle);
+        sftp_close(s->sftp_handle);
     }
     s->sftp_handle = NULL;
     if (s->sftp) {
-        libssh2_sftp_shutdown(s->sftp);
+        sftp_free(s->sftp);
     }
     s->sftp = NULL;
     if (s->session) {
-        libssh2_session_disconnect(s->session,
-                                   "from qemu ssh client: "
-                                   "error opening connection");
-        libssh2_session_free(s->session);
+        ssh_disconnect(s->session);
+        ssh_free(s->session);
     }
     s->session = NULL;
+    s->sock = -1;
+    if (new_sock >= 0) {
+        close(new_sock);
+    }
 
     return ret;
 }
@@ -756,9 +860,11 @@ static int ssh_file_open(BlockDriverState *bs, QDict *options, int bdrv_flags,
 
     ssh_state_init(s);
 
-    ssh_flags = LIBSSH2_FXF_READ;
+    ssh_flags = 0;
     if (bdrv_flags & BDRV_O_RDWR) {
-        ssh_flags |= LIBSSH2_FXF_WRITE;
+        ssh_flags |= O_RDWR;
+    } else {
+        ssh_flags |= O_RDONLY;
     }
 
     opts = ssh_parse_options(options, errp);
@@ -773,18 +879,13 @@ static int ssh_file_open(BlockDriverState *bs, QDict *options, int bdrv_flags,
     }
 
     /* Go non-blocking. */
-    libssh2_session_set_blocking(s->session, 0);
+    ssh_set_blocking(s->session, 0);
 
     qapi_free_BlockdevOptionsSsh(opts);
 
     return 0;
 
  err:
-    if (s->sock >= 0) {
-        close(s->sock);
-    }
-    s->sock = -1;
-
     qapi_free_BlockdevOptionsSsh(opts);
 
     return ret;
@@ -795,25 +896,25 @@ static int ssh_grow_file(BDRVSSHState *s, int64_t offset, Error **errp)
 {
     ssize_t ret;
     char c[1] = { '\0' };
-    int was_blocking = libssh2_session_get_blocking(s->session);
+    int was_blocking = ssh_is_blocking(s->session);
 
     /* offset must be strictly greater than the current size so we do
      * not overwrite anything */
-    assert(offset > 0 && offset > s->attrs.filesize);
+    assert(offset > 0 && offset > s->attrs->size);
 
-    libssh2_session_set_blocking(s->session, 1);
+    ssh_set_blocking(s->session, 1);
 
-    libssh2_sftp_seek64(s->sftp_handle, offset - 1);
-    ret = libssh2_sftp_write(s->sftp_handle, c, 1);
+    sftp_seek64(s->sftp_handle, offset - 1);
+    ret = sftp_write(s->sftp_handle, c, 1);
 
-    libssh2_session_set_blocking(s->session, was_blocking);
+    ssh_set_blocking(s->session, was_blocking);
 
     if (ret < 0) {
         sftp_error_setg(errp, s, "Failed to grow file");
         return -EIO;
     }
 
-    s->attrs.filesize = offset;
+    s->attrs->size = offset;
     return 0;
 }
 
@@ -841,8 +942,7 @@ static int ssh_co_create(BlockdevCreateOptions *options, Error **errp)
     ssh_state_init(&s);
 
     ret = connect_to_ssh(&s, opts->location,
-                         LIBSSH2_FXF_READ|LIBSSH2_FXF_WRITE|
-                         LIBSSH2_FXF_CREAT|LIBSSH2_FXF_TRUNC,
+                         O_RDWR | O_CREAT | O_TRUNC,
                          0644, errp);
     if (ret < 0) {
         goto fail;
@@ -911,10 +1011,8 @@ static int ssh_has_zero_init(BlockDriverState *bs)
     /* Assume false, unless we can positively prove it's true. */
     int has_zero_init = 0;
 
-    if (s->attrs.flags & LIBSSH2_SFTP_ATTR_PERMISSIONS) {
-        if (s->attrs.permissions & LIBSSH2_SFTP_S_IFREG) {
-            has_zero_init = 1;
-        }
+    if (s->attrs->type == SSH_FILEXFER_TYPE_REGULAR) {
+        has_zero_init = 1;
     }
 
     return has_zero_init;
@@ -951,12 +1049,12 @@ static coroutine_fn void co_yield(BDRVSSHState *s, BlockDriverState *bs)
         .co = qemu_coroutine_self()
     };
 
-    r = libssh2_session_block_directions(s->session);
+    r = ssh_get_poll_flags(s->session);
 
-    if (r & LIBSSH2_SESSION_BLOCK_INBOUND) {
+    if (r & SSH_READ_PENDING) {
         rd_handler = restart_coroutine;
     }
-    if (r & LIBSSH2_SESSION_BLOCK_OUTBOUND) {
+    if (r & SSH_WRITE_PENDING) {
         wr_handler = restart_coroutine;
     }
 
@@ -968,33 +1066,6 @@ static coroutine_fn void co_yield(BDRVSSHState *s, BlockDriverState *bs)
     trace_ssh_co_yield_back(s->sock);
 }
 
-/* SFTP has a function `libssh2_sftp_seek64' which seeks to a position
- * in the remote file.  Notice that it just updates a field in the
- * sftp_handle structure, so there is no network traffic and it cannot
- * fail.
- *
- * However, `libssh2_sftp_seek64' does have a catastrophic effect on
- * performance since it causes the handle to throw away all in-flight
- * reads and buffered readahead data.  Therefore this function tries
- * to be intelligent about when to call the underlying libssh2 function.
- */
-#define SSH_SEEK_WRITE 0
-#define SSH_SEEK_READ  1
-#define SSH_SEEK_FORCE 2
-
-static void ssh_seek(BDRVSSHState *s, int64_t offset, int flags)
-{
-    bool op_read = (flags & SSH_SEEK_READ) != 0;
-    bool force = (flags & SSH_SEEK_FORCE) != 0;
-
-    if (force || op_read != s->offset_op_read || offset != s->offset) {
-        trace_ssh_seek(offset);
-        libssh2_sftp_seek64(s->sftp_handle, offset);
-        s->offset = offset;
-        s->offset_op_read = op_read;
-    }
-}
-
 static coroutine_fn int ssh_read(BDRVSSHState *s, BlockDriverState *bs,
                                  int64_t offset, size_t size,
                                  QEMUIOVector *qiov)
@@ -1006,7 +1077,8 @@ static coroutine_fn int ssh_read(BDRVSSHState *s, BlockDriverState *bs,
 
     trace_ssh_read(offset, size);
 
-    ssh_seek(s, offset, SSH_SEEK_READ);
+    trace_ssh_seek(offset);
+    sftp_seek64(s->sftp_handle, offset);
 
     /* This keeps track of the current iovec element ('i'), where we
      * will write to next ('buf'), and the end of the current iovec
@@ -1016,35 +1088,35 @@ static coroutine_fn int ssh_read(BDRVSSHState *s, BlockDriverState *bs,
     buf = i->iov_base;
     end_of_vec = i->iov_base + i->iov_len;
 
-    /* libssh2 has a hard-coded limit of 2000 bytes per request,
-     * although it will also do readahead behind our backs.  Therefore
-     * we may have to do repeated reads here until we have read 'size'
-     * bytes.
-     */
     for (got = 0; got < size; ) {
+        size_t request_read_size;
     again:
-        trace_ssh_read_buf(buf, end_of_vec - buf);
-        r = libssh2_sftp_read(s->sftp_handle, buf, end_of_vec - buf);
-        trace_ssh_read_return(r);
+        /*
+         * The size of SFTP packets is limited to 32K bytes, so limit
+         * the amount of data requested to 16K, as libssh currently
+         * does not handle multiple requests on its own.
+         */
+        request_read_size = MIN(end_of_vec - buf, 16384);
+        trace_ssh_read_buf(buf, end_of_vec - buf, request_read_size);
+        r = sftp_read(s->sftp_handle, buf, request_read_size);
+        trace_ssh_read_return(r, sftp_get_error(s->sftp));
 
-        if (r == LIBSSH2_ERROR_EAGAIN || r == LIBSSH2_ERROR_TIMEOUT) {
+        if (r == SSH_AGAIN) {
             co_yield(s, bs);
             goto again;
         }
-        if (r < 0) {
-            sftp_error_trace(s, "read");
-            s->offset = -1;
-            return -EIO;
-        }
-        if (r == 0) {
+        if (r == SSH_EOF || (r == 0 && sftp_get_error(s->sftp) == SSH_FX_EOF)) {
             /* EOF: Short read so pad the buffer with zeroes and return it. */
             qemu_iovec_memset(qiov, got, 0, size - got);
             return 0;
         }
+        if (r <= 0) {
+            sftp_error_trace(s, "read");
+            return -EIO;
+        }
 
         got += r;
         buf += r;
-        s->offset += r;
         if (buf >= end_of_vec && got < size) {
             i++;
             buf = i->iov_base;
@@ -1081,7 +1153,8 @@ static int ssh_write(BDRVSSHState *s, BlockDriverState *bs,
 
     trace_ssh_write(offset, size);
 
-    ssh_seek(s, offset, SSH_SEEK_WRITE);
+    trace_ssh_seek(offset);
+    sftp_seek64(s->sftp_handle, offset);
 
     /* This keeps track of the current iovec element ('i'), where we
      * will read from next ('buf'), and the end of the current iovec
@@ -1092,46 +1165,37 @@ static int ssh_write(BDRVSSHState *s, BlockDriverState *bs,
     end_of_vec = i->iov_base + i->iov_len;
 
     for (written = 0; written < size; ) {
+        size_t request_write_size;
     again:
-        trace_ssh_write_buf(buf, end_of_vec - buf);
-        r = libssh2_sftp_write(s->sftp_handle, buf, end_of_vec - buf);
-        trace_ssh_write_return(r);
+        /*
+         * Avoid too large data packets, as libssh currently does not
+         * handle multiple requests on its own.
+         */
+        request_write_size = MIN(end_of_vec - buf, 131072);
+        trace_ssh_write_buf(buf, end_of_vec - buf, request_write_size);
+        r = sftp_write(s->sftp_handle, buf, request_write_size);
+        trace_ssh_write_return(r, sftp_get_error(s->sftp));
 
-        if (r == LIBSSH2_ERROR_EAGAIN || r == LIBSSH2_ERROR_TIMEOUT) {
+        if (r == SSH_AGAIN) {
             co_yield(s, bs);
             goto again;
         }
         if (r < 0) {
             sftp_error_trace(s, "write");
-            s->offset = -1;
             return -EIO;
         }
-        /* The libssh2 API is very unclear about this.  A comment in
-         * the code says "nothing was acked, and no EAGAIN was
-         * received!" which apparently means that no data got sent
-         * out, and the underlying channel didn't return any EAGAIN
-         * indication.  I think this is a bug in either libssh2 or
-         * OpenSSH (server-side).  In any case, forcing a seek (to
-         * discard libssh2 internal buffers), and then trying again
-         * works for me.
-         */
-        if (r == 0) {
-            ssh_seek(s, offset + written, SSH_SEEK_WRITE|SSH_SEEK_FORCE);
-            co_yield(s, bs);
-            goto again;
-        }
 
         written += r;
         buf += r;
-        s->offset += r;
         if (buf >= end_of_vec && written < size) {
             i++;
             buf = i->iov_base;
             end_of_vec = i->iov_base + i->iov_len;
         }
 
-        if (offset + written > s->attrs.filesize)
-            s->attrs.filesize = offset + written;
+        if (offset + written > s->attrs->size) {
+            s->attrs->size = offset + written;
+        }
     }
 
     return 0;
@@ -1164,24 +1228,24 @@ static void unsafe_flush_warning(BDRVSSHState *s, const char *what)
     }
 }
 
-#ifdef HAS_LIBSSH2_SFTP_FSYNC
+#ifdef HAVE_LIBSSH_0_8
 
 static coroutine_fn int ssh_flush(BDRVSSHState *s, BlockDriverState *bs)
 {
     int r;
 
     trace_ssh_flush();
+
+    if (!sftp_extension_supported(s->sftp, "fsync@openssh.com", "1")) {
+        unsafe_flush_warning(s, "OpenSSH >= 6.3");
+        return 0;
+    }
  again:
-    r = libssh2_sftp_fsync(s->sftp_handle);
-    if (r == LIBSSH2_ERROR_EAGAIN || r == LIBSSH2_ERROR_TIMEOUT) {
+    r = sftp_fsync(s->sftp_handle);
+    if (r == SSH_AGAIN) {
         co_yield(s, bs);
         goto again;
     }
-    if (r == LIBSSH2_ERROR_SFTP_PROTOCOL &&
-        libssh2_sftp_last_error(s->sftp) == LIBSSH2_FX_OP_UNSUPPORTED) {
-        unsafe_flush_warning(s, "OpenSSH >= 6.3");
-        return 0;
-    }
     if (r < 0) {
         sftp_error_trace(s, "fsync");
         return -EIO;
@@ -1202,25 +1266,25 @@ static coroutine_fn int ssh_co_flush(BlockDriverState *bs)
     return ret;
 }
 
-#else /* !HAS_LIBSSH2_SFTP_FSYNC */
+#else /* !HAVE_LIBSSH_0_8 */
 
 static coroutine_fn int ssh_co_flush(BlockDriverState *bs)
 {
     BDRVSSHState *s = bs->opaque;
 
-    unsafe_flush_warning(s, "libssh2 >= 1.4.4");
+    unsafe_flush_warning(s, "libssh >= 0.8.0");
     return 0;
 }
 
-#endif /* !HAS_LIBSSH2_SFTP_FSYNC */
+#endif /* !HAVE_LIBSSH_0_8 */
 
 static int64_t ssh_getlength(BlockDriverState *bs)
 {
     BDRVSSHState *s = bs->opaque;
     int64_t length;
 
-    /* Note we cannot make a libssh2 call here. */
-    length = (int64_t) s->attrs.filesize;
+    /* Note we cannot make a libssh call here. */
+    length = (int64_t) s->attrs->size;
     trace_ssh_getlength(length);
 
     return length;
@@ -1237,12 +1301,12 @@ static int coroutine_fn ssh_co_truncate(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t offset,
         return -ENOTSUP;
     }
 
-    if (offset < s->attrs.filesize) {
+    if (offset < s->attrs->size) {
         error_setg(errp, "ssh driver does not support shrinking files");
         return -ENOTSUP;
     }
 
-    if (offset == s->attrs.filesize) {
+    if (offset == s->attrs->size) {
         return 0;
     }
 
@@ -1307,12 +1371,16 @@ static void bdrv_ssh_init(void)
 {
     int r;
 
-    r = libssh2_init(0);
+    r = ssh_init();
     if (r != 0) {
-        fprintf(stderr, "libssh2 initialization failed, %d\n", r);
+        fprintf(stderr, "libssh initialization failed, %d\n", r);
         exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
     }
 
+#if TRACE_LIBSSH != 0
+    ssh_set_log_level(TRACE_LIBSSH);
+#endif
+
     bdrv_register(&bdrv_ssh);
 }
 
diff --git a/block/trace-events b/block/trace-events
index 23c9963..0017e33 100644
--- a/block/trace-events
+++ b/block/trace-events
@@ -154,19 +154,21 @@ nvme_cmd_map_qiov_iov(void *s, int i, void *page, int pages) "s %p iov[%d] %p pa
 # block/ssh.c
 ssh_restart_coroutine(void *co) "co=%p"
 ssh_flush(void) "fsync"
-ssh_check_host_key_knownhosts(const char *key) "host key OK: %s"
+ssh_check_host_key_knownhosts(void) "host key OK"
 ssh_connect_to_ssh(char *path, int flags, int mode) "opening file %s flags=0x%x creat_mode=0%o"
 ssh_co_yield(int sock, void *rd_handler, void *wr_handler) "s->sock=%d rd_handler=%p wr_handler=%p"
 ssh_co_yield_back(int sock) "s->sock=%d - back"
 ssh_getlength(int64_t length) "length=%" PRIi64
 ssh_co_create_opts(uint64_t size) "total_size=%" PRIu64
 ssh_read(int64_t offset, size_t size) "offset=%" PRIi64 " size=%zu"
-ssh_read_buf(void *buf, size_t size) "sftp_read buf=%p size=%zu"
-ssh_read_return(ssize_t ret) "sftp_read returned %zd"
+ssh_read_buf(void *buf, size_t size, size_t actual_size) "sftp_read buf=%p size=%zu (actual size=%zu)"
+ssh_read_return(ssize_t ret, int sftp_err) "sftp_read returned %zd (sftp error=%d)"
 ssh_write(int64_t offset, size_t size) "offset=%" PRIi64 " size=%zu"
-ssh_write_buf(void *buf, size_t size) "sftp_write buf=%p size=%zu"
-ssh_write_return(ssize_t ret) "sftp_write returned %zd"
+ssh_write_buf(void *buf, size_t size, size_t actual_size) "sftp_write buf=%p size=%zu (actual size=%zu)"
+ssh_write_return(ssize_t ret, int sftp_err) "sftp_write returned %zd (sftp error=%d)"
 ssh_seek(int64_t offset) "seeking to offset=%" PRIi64
+ssh_auth_methods(int methods) "auth methods=0x%x"
+ssh_server_status(int status) "server status=%d"
 
 # ssh.c
-sftp_error(const char *op, const char *ssh_err, int ssh_err_code, unsigned long sftp_err_code) "%s failed: %s (libssh2 error code: %d, sftp error code: %lu)"
+sftp_error(const char *op, const char *ssh_err, int ssh_err_code, int sftp_err_code) "%s failed: %s (libssh error code: %d, sftp error code: %d)"
diff --git a/configure b/configure
index c9a1034..eefec38 100755
--- a/configure
+++ b/configure
@@ -445,7 +445,7 @@ gcrypt_kdf="no"
 vte=""
 virglrenderer=""
 tpm="yes"
-libssh2=""
+libssh=""
 live_block_migration="yes"
 numa=""
 tcmalloc="no"
@@ -1334,9 +1334,9 @@ for opt do
   ;;
   --enable-tpm) tpm="yes"
   ;;
-  --disable-libssh2) libssh2="no"
+  --disable-libssh) libssh="no"
   ;;
-  --enable-libssh2) libssh2="yes"
+  --enable-libssh) libssh="yes"
   ;;
   --disable-live-block-migration) live_block_migration="no"
   ;;
@@ -1669,7 +1669,7 @@ disabled with --disable-FEATURE, default is enabled if available:
   coroutine-pool  coroutine freelist (better performance)
   glusterfs       GlusterFS backend
   tpm             TPM support
-  libssh2         ssh block device support
+  libssh          ssh block device support
   numa            libnuma support
   libxml2         for Parallels image format
   tcmalloc        tcmalloc support
@@ -3656,43 +3656,34 @@ EOF
 fi
 
 ##########################################
-# libssh2 probe
-min_libssh2_version=1.2.8
-if test "$libssh2" != "no" ; then
-  if $pkg_config --atleast-version=$min_libssh2_version libssh2; then
-    libssh2_cflags=$($pkg_config libssh2 --cflags)
-    libssh2_libs=$($pkg_config libssh2 --libs)
-    libssh2=yes
+# libssh probe
+if test "$libssh" != "no" ; then
+  if $pkg_config --exists libssh; then
+    libssh_cflags=$($pkg_config libssh --cflags)
+    libssh_libs=$($pkg_config libssh --libs)
+    libssh=yes
   else
-    if test "$libssh2" = "yes" ; then
-      error_exit "libssh2 >= $min_libssh2_version required for --enable-libssh2"
+    if test "$libssh" = "yes" ; then
+      error_exit "libssh required for --enable-libssh"
     fi
-    libssh2=no
+    libssh=no
   fi
 fi
 
 ##########################################
-# libssh2_sftp_fsync probe
+# Check for libssh 0.8
+# This is done like this instead of using the LIBSSH_VERSION_* and
+# SSH_VERSION_* macros because some distributions in the past shipped
+# snapshots of the future 0.8 from Git, and those snapshots did not
+# have updated version numbers (still referring to 0.7.0).
 
-if test "$libssh2" = "yes"; then
+if test "$libssh" = "yes"; then
   cat > $TMPC <<EOF
-#include <stdio.h>
-#include <libssh2.h>
-#include <libssh2_sftp.h>
-int main(void) {
-    LIBSSH2_SESSION *session;
-    LIBSSH2_SFTP *sftp;
-    LIBSSH2_SFTP_HANDLE *sftp_handle;
-    session = libssh2_session_init ();
-    sftp = libssh2_sftp_init (session);
-    sftp_handle = libssh2_sftp_open (sftp, "/", 0, 0);
-    libssh2_sftp_fsync (sftp_handle);
-    return 0;
-}
+#include <libssh/libssh.h>
+int main(void) { return ssh_get_server_publickey(NULL, NULL); }
 EOF
-  # libssh2_cflags/libssh2_libs defined in previous test.
-  if compile_prog "$libssh2_cflags" "$libssh2_libs" ; then
-    QEMU_CFLAGS="-DHAS_LIBSSH2_SFTP_FSYNC $QEMU_CFLAGS"
+  if compile_prog "$libssh_cflags" "$libssh_libs"; then
+    libssh_cflags="-DHAVE_LIBSSH_0_8 $libssh_cflags"
   fi
 fi
 
@@ -5998,7 +5989,7 @@ echo "GlusterFS support $glusterfs"
 echo "gcov              $gcov_tool"
 echo "gcov enabled      $gcov"
 echo "TPM support       $tpm"
-echo "libssh2 support   $libssh2"
+echo "libssh support    $libssh"
 echo "TPM passthrough   $tpm_passthrough"
 echo "TPM emulator      $tpm_emulator"
 echo "QOM debugging     $qom_cast_debug"
@@ -6664,10 +6655,10 @@ if test "$glusterfs_iocb_has_stat" = "yes" ; then
   echo "CONFIG_GLUSTERFS_IOCB_HAS_STAT=y" >> $config_host_mak
 fi
 
-if test "$libssh2" = "yes" ; then
-  echo "CONFIG_LIBSSH2=m" >> $config_host_mak
-  echo "LIBSSH2_CFLAGS=$libssh2_cflags" >> $config_host_mak
-  echo "LIBSSH2_LIBS=$libssh2_libs" >> $config_host_mak
+if test "$libssh" = "yes" ; then
+  echo "CONFIG_LIBSSH=m" >> $config_host_mak
+  echo "LIBSSH_CFLAGS=$libssh_cflags" >> $config_host_mak
+  echo "LIBSSH_LIBS=$libssh_libs" >> $config_host_mak
 fi
 
 if test "$live_block_migration" = "yes" ; then
diff --git a/docs/qemu-block-drivers.texi b/docs/qemu-block-drivers.texi
index e0d752a..5004dec 100644
--- a/docs/qemu-block-drivers.texi
+++ b/docs/qemu-block-drivers.texi
@@ -782,7 +782,7 @@ print a warning when @code{fsync} is not supported:
 
 warning: ssh server @code{ssh.example.com:22} does not support fsync
 
-With sufficiently new versions of libssh2 and OpenSSH, @code{fsync} is
+With sufficiently new versions of libssh and OpenSSH, @code{fsync} is
 supported.
 
 @node disk_images_nvme
diff --git a/tests/docker/dockerfiles/debian-win32-cross.docker b/tests/docker/dockerfiles/debian-win32-cross.docker
index dd021f2..0a4970c 100644
--- a/tests/docker/dockerfiles/debian-win32-cross.docker
+++ b/tests/docker/dockerfiles/debian-win32-cross.docker
@@ -15,7 +15,6 @@ RUN DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive eatmydata \
         mxe-$TARGET-w64-mingw32.shared-curl \
         mxe-$TARGET-w64-mingw32.shared-glib \
         mxe-$TARGET-w64-mingw32.shared-libgcrypt \
-        mxe-$TARGET-w64-mingw32.shared-libssh2 \
         mxe-$TARGET-w64-mingw32.shared-libusb1 \
         mxe-$TARGET-w64-mingw32.shared-lzo \
         mxe-$TARGET-w64-mingw32.shared-nettle \
diff --git a/tests/docker/dockerfiles/debian-win64-cross.docker b/tests/docker/dockerfiles/debian-win64-cross.docker
index 4542bcc..b27985b 100644
--- a/tests/docker/dockerfiles/debian-win64-cross.docker
+++ b/tests/docker/dockerfiles/debian-win64-cross.docker
@@ -15,7 +15,6 @@ RUN DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive eatmydata \
         mxe-$TARGET-w64-mingw32.shared-curl \
         mxe-$TARGET-w64-mingw32.shared-glib \
         mxe-$TARGET-w64-mingw32.shared-libgcrypt \
-        mxe-$TARGET-w64-mingw32.shared-libssh2 \
         mxe-$TARGET-w64-mingw32.shared-libusb1 \
         mxe-$TARGET-w64-mingw32.shared-lzo \
         mxe-$TARGET-w64-mingw32.shared-nettle \
diff --git a/tests/docker/dockerfiles/fedora.docker b/tests/docker/dockerfiles/fedora.docker
index b706f42..2dd598d 100644
--- a/tests/docker/dockerfiles/fedora.docker
+++ b/tests/docker/dockerfiles/fedora.docker
@@ -6,18 +6,18 @@ ENV PACKAGES \
     bluez-libs-devel brlapi-devel bzip2-devel \
     device-mapper-multipath-devel glusterfs-api-devel gnutls-devel \
     gtk3-devel libattr-devel libcap-devel libcap-ng-devel libcurl-devel \
-    libjpeg-devel libpng-devel librbd-devel libssh2-devel libusbx-devel \
+    libjpeg-devel libpng-devel librbd-devel libssh-devel libusbx-devel \
     libxml2-devel lzo-devel ncurses-devel nettle-devel nss-devel \
     numactl-devel SDL2-devel snappy-devel spice-server-devel \
     systemtap-sdt-devel usbredir-devel virglrenderer-devel vte3-devel \
     xen-devel \
     mingw32-pixman mingw32-glib2 mingw32-gmp mingw32-SDL mingw32-pkg-config \
     mingw32-gtk2 mingw32-gtk3 mingw32-gnutls mingw32-nettle mingw32-libtasn1 \
-    mingw32-libjpeg-turbo mingw32-libpng mingw32-curl mingw32-libssh2 \
+    mingw32-libjpeg-turbo mingw32-libpng mingw32-curl \
     mingw32-bzip2 \
     mingw64-pixman mingw64-glib2 mingw64-gmp mingw64-SDL mingw64-pkg-config \
     mingw64-gtk2 mingw64-gtk3 mingw64-gnutls mingw64-nettle mingw64-libtasn1 \
-    mingw64-libjpeg-turbo mingw64-libpng mingw64-curl mingw64-libssh2 \
+    mingw64-libjpeg-turbo mingw64-libpng mingw64-curl \
     mingw64-bzip2
 ENV QEMU_CONFIGURE_OPTS --python=/usr/bin/python3
 
diff --git a/tests/docker/dockerfiles/ubuntu.docker b/tests/docker/dockerfiles/ubuntu.docker
index dabbf2a..be37ff1 100644
--- a/tests/docker/dockerfiles/ubuntu.docker
+++ b/tests/docker/dockerfiles/ubuntu.docker
@@ -4,7 +4,7 @@ RUN echo "deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty universe multiverse" >> \
 RUN apt-get update
 ENV PACKAGES flex bison \
     libusb-1.0-0-dev libiscsi-dev librados-dev libncurses5-dev libncursesw5-dev \
-    libseccomp-dev libgnutls-dev libssh2-1-dev  libspice-server-dev \
+    libseccomp-dev libgnutls-dev libssh-dev  libspice-server-dev \
     libspice-protocol-dev libnss3-dev libfdt-dev \
     libgtk-3-dev libvte-2.91-dev libsdl1.2-dev libpng12-dev libpixman-1-dev \
     libvdeplug-dev liblzo2-dev libsnappy-dev libbz2-dev libxen-dev librdmacm-dev libibverbs-dev \
diff --git a/tests/qemu-iotests/207 b/tests/qemu-iotests/207
index aaad656..219f1a6 100755
--- a/tests/qemu-iotests/207
+++ b/tests/qemu-iotests/207
@@ -106,12 +106,49 @@ with iotests.FilePath('t.img') as disk_path, \
 
     iotests.img_info_log(remote_path)
 
-    md5_key = subprocess.check_output(
-        'ssh-keyscan -t rsa 127.0.0.1 2>/dev/null | grep -v "\\^#" | ' +
-        'cut -d" " -f3 | base64 -d | md5sum -b | cut -d" " -f1',
-        shell=True).rstrip().decode('ascii')
+    keys = subprocess.check_output(
+        'ssh-keyscan 127.0.0.1 2>/dev/null | grep -v "\\^#" | ' +
+        'cut -d" " -f3',
+        shell=True).rstrip().decode('ascii').split('\n')
+
+    # Mappings of base64 representations to digests
+    md5_keys = {}
+    sha1_keys = {}
+
+    for key in keys:
+        md5_keys[key] = subprocess.check_output(
+            'echo %s | base64 -d | md5sum -b | cut -d" " -f1' % key,
+            shell=True).rstrip().decode('ascii')
+
+        sha1_keys[key] = subprocess.check_output(
+            'echo %s | base64 -d | sha1sum -b | cut -d" " -f1' % key,
+            shell=True).rstrip().decode('ascii')
 
     vm.launch()
+
+    # Find correct key first
+    matching_key = None
+    for key in keys:
+        result = vm.qmp('blockdev-add',
+                        driver='ssh', node_name='node0', path=disk_path,
+                        server={
+                             'host': '127.0.0.1',
+                             'port': '22',
+                        }, host_key_check={
+                             'mode': 'hash',
+                             'type': 'md5',
+                             'hash': md5_keys[key],
+                        })
+
+        if 'error' not in result:
+            vm.qmp('blockdev-del', node_name='node0')
+            matching_key = key
+            break
+
+    if matching_key is None:
+        vm.shutdown()
+        iotests.notrun('Did not find a key that fits 127.0.0.1')
+
     blockdev_create(vm, { 'driver': 'ssh',
                           'location': {
                               'path': disk_path,
@@ -136,7 +173,7 @@ with iotests.FilePath('t.img') as disk_path, \
                               'host-key-check': {
                                   'mode': 'hash',
                                   'type': 'md5',
-                                  'hash': md5_key,
+                                  'hash': md5_keys[matching_key],
                               }
                           },
                           'size': 8388608 })
@@ -144,11 +181,6 @@ with iotests.FilePath('t.img') as disk_path, \
 
     iotests.img_info_log(remote_path)
 
-    sha1_key = subprocess.check_output(
-        'ssh-keyscan -t rsa 127.0.0.1 2>/dev/null | grep -v "\\^#" | ' +
-        'cut -d" " -f3 | base64 -d | sha1sum -b | cut -d" " -f1',
-        shell=True).rstrip().decode('ascii')
-
     vm.launch()
     blockdev_create(vm, { 'driver': 'ssh',
                           'location': {
@@ -174,7 +206,7 @@ with iotests.FilePath('t.img') as disk_path, \
                               'host-key-check': {
                                   'mode': 'hash',
                                   'type': 'sha1',
-                                  'hash': sha1_key,
+                                  'hash': sha1_keys[matching_key],
                               }
                           },
                           'size': 4194304 })
diff --git a/tests/qemu-iotests/207.out b/tests/qemu-iotests/207.out
index 789b465..48318ce 100644
--- a/tests/qemu-iotests/207.out
+++ b/tests/qemu-iotests/207.out
@@ -68,7 +68,7 @@ virtual size: 4.0M (4194304 bytes)
 
 {"execute": "blockdev-create", "arguments": {"job_id": "job0", "options": {"driver": "ssh", "location": {"host-key-check": {"mode": "none"}, "path": "/this/is/not/an/existing/path", "server": {"host": "127.0.0.1", "port": "22"}}, "size": 4194304}}}
 {"return": {}}
-Job failed: failed to open remote file '/this/is/not/an/existing/path': Failed opening remote file (libssh2 error code: -31)
+Job failed: failed to open remote file '/this/is/not/an/existing/path': SFTP server: No such file (libssh error code: 1, sftp error code: 2)
 {"execute": "job-dismiss", "arguments": {"id": "job0"}}
 {"return": {}}
 
-- 
1.8.3.1