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From 7cc714c354fc4dbfaeca66156ca331f57bf9653e Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Laszlo Ersek <lersek@redhat.com>
Date: Fri, 7 Nov 2014 17:18:03 +0100
Subject: [PATCH 16/41] dump: make kdump-compressed format available for
 'dump-guest-memory'

Message-id: <1415380693-16593-17-git-send-email-lersek@redhat.com>
Patchwork-id: 62202
O-Subject: [RHEL-7.1 qemu-kvm PATCH 16/26] dump: make kdump-compressed format available for 'dump-guest-memory'
Bugzilla: 1157798
RH-Acked-by: Stefan Hajnoczi <stefanha@redhat.com>
RH-Acked-by: Luiz Capitulino <lcapitulino@redhat.com>
RH-Acked-by: dgibson <dgibson@redhat.com>

From: qiaonuohan <qiaonuohan@cn.fujitsu.com>

Make monitor command 'dump-guest-memory' be able to dump in kdump-compressed
format. The command's usage:

  dump [-p] protocol [begin] [length] [format]

'format' is used to specified the format of vmcore and can be:
1. 'elf': ELF format, without compression
2. 'kdump-zlib': kdump-compressed format, with zlib-compressed
3. 'kdump-lzo': kdump-compressed format, with lzo-compressed
4. 'kdump-snappy': kdump-compressed format, with snappy-compressed
Without 'format' being set, it is same as 'elf'. And if non-elf format is
specified, paging and filter is not allowed.

Note:
  1. The kdump-compressed format is readable only with the crash utility and
     makedumpfile, and it can be smaller than the ELF format because of the
     compression support.
  2. The kdump-compressed format is the 6th edition.

Signed-off-by: Qiao Nuohan <qiaonuohan@cn.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Laszlo Ersek <lersek@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Luiz Capitulino <lcapitulino@redhat.com>
(cherry picked from commit b53ccc30c40df52d192e469a86c188a8649c6df3)
Signed-off-by: Laszlo Ersek <lersek@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Miroslav Rezanina <mrezanin@redhat.com>
---
 dump.c           | 131 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 hmp.c            |   5 ++-
 qapi-schema.json |  25 ++++++++++-
 qmp-commands.hx  |   7 ++-
 4 files changed, 158 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/dump.c b/dump.c
index fc5530f..c0d5877 100644
--- a/dump.c
+++ b/dump.c
@@ -1449,6 +1449,64 @@ out:
     return ret;
 }
 
+static int create_kdump_vmcore(DumpState *s)
+{
+    int ret;
+
+    /*
+     * the kdump-compressed format is:
+     *                                               File offset
+     *  +------------------------------------------+ 0x0
+     *  |    main header (struct disk_dump_header) |
+     *  |------------------------------------------+ block 1
+     *  |    sub header (struct kdump_sub_header)  |
+     *  |------------------------------------------+ block 2
+     *  |            1st-dump_bitmap               |
+     *  |------------------------------------------+ block 2 + X blocks
+     *  |            2nd-dump_bitmap               | (aligned by block)
+     *  |------------------------------------------+ block 2 + 2 * X blocks
+     *  |  page desc for pfn 0 (struct page_desc)  | (aligned by block)
+     *  |  page desc for pfn 1 (struct page_desc)  |
+     *  |                    :                     |
+     *  |------------------------------------------| (not aligned by block)
+     *  |         page data (pfn 0)                |
+     *  |         page data (pfn 1)                |
+     *  |                    :                     |
+     *  +------------------------------------------+
+     */
+
+    ret = write_start_flat_header(s->fd);
+    if (ret < 0) {
+        dump_error(s, "dump: failed to write start flat header.\n");
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    ret = write_dump_header(s);
+    if (ret < 0) {
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    ret = write_dump_bitmap(s);
+    if (ret < 0) {
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    ret = write_dump_pages(s);
+    if (ret < 0) {
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    ret = write_end_flat_header(s->fd);
+    if (ret < 0) {
+        dump_error(s, "dump: failed to write end flat header.\n");
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    dump_completed(s);
+
+    return 0;
+}
+
 static ram_addr_t get_start_block(DumpState *s)
 {
     GuestPhysBlock *block;
@@ -1485,7 +1543,8 @@ static void get_max_mapnr(DumpState *s)
     s->max_mapnr = paddr_to_pfn(last_block->target_end, s->page_shift);
 }
 
-static int dump_init(DumpState *s, int fd, bool paging, bool has_filter,
+static int dump_init(DumpState *s, int fd, bool has_format,
+                     DumpGuestMemoryFormat format, bool paging, bool has_filter,
                      int64_t begin, int64_t length, Error **errp)
 {
     CPUArchState *env;
@@ -1493,6 +1552,11 @@ static int dump_init(DumpState *s, int fd, bool paging, bool has_filter,
     Error *err = NULL;
     int ret;
 
+    /* kdump-compressed is conflict with paging and filter */
+    if (has_format && format != DUMP_GUEST_MEMORY_FORMAT_ELF) {
+        assert(!paging && !has_filter);
+    }
+
     if (runstate_is_running()) {
         vm_stop(RUN_STATE_SAVE_VM);
         s->resume = true;
@@ -1563,6 +1627,28 @@ static int dump_init(DumpState *s, int fd, bool paging, bool has_filter,
     tmp = DIV_ROUND_UP(DIV_ROUND_UP(s->max_mapnr, CHAR_BIT), s->page_size);
     s->len_dump_bitmap = tmp * s->page_size;
 
+    /* init for kdump-compressed format */
+    if (has_format && format != DUMP_GUEST_MEMORY_FORMAT_ELF) {
+        switch (format) {
+        case DUMP_GUEST_MEMORY_FORMAT_KDUMP_ZLIB:
+            s->flag_compress = DUMP_DH_COMPRESSED_ZLIB;
+            break;
+
+        case DUMP_GUEST_MEMORY_FORMAT_KDUMP_LZO:
+            s->flag_compress = DUMP_DH_COMPRESSED_LZO;
+            break;
+
+        case DUMP_GUEST_MEMORY_FORMAT_KDUMP_SNAPPY:
+            s->flag_compress = DUMP_DH_COMPRESSED_SNAPPY;
+            break;
+
+        default:
+            s->flag_compress = 0;
+        }
+
+        return 0;
+    }
+
     if (s->has_filter) {
         memory_mapping_filter(&s->list, s->begin, s->length);
     }
@@ -1622,14 +1708,25 @@ cleanup:
 }
 
 void qmp_dump_guest_memory(bool paging, const char *file, bool has_begin,
-                           int64_t begin, bool has_length, int64_t length,
-                           Error **errp)
+                           int64_t begin, bool has_length,
+                           int64_t length, bool has_format,
+                           DumpGuestMemoryFormat format, Error **errp)
 {
     const char *p;
     int fd = -1;
     DumpState *s;
     int ret;
 
+    /*
+     * kdump-compressed format need the whole memory dumped, so paging or
+     * filter is not supported here.
+     */
+    if ((has_format && format != DUMP_GUEST_MEMORY_FORMAT_ELF) &&
+        (paging || has_begin || has_length)) {
+        error_setg(errp, "kdump-compressed format doesn't support paging or "
+                         "filter");
+        return;
+    }
     if (has_begin && !has_length) {
         error_set(errp, QERR_MISSING_PARAMETER, "length");
         return;
@@ -1639,6 +1736,21 @@ void qmp_dump_guest_memory(bool paging, const char *file, bool has_begin,
         return;
     }
 
+    /* check whether lzo/snappy is supported */
+#ifndef CONFIG_LZO
+    if (has_format && format == DUMP_GUEST_MEMORY_FORMAT_KDUMP_LZO) {
+        error_setg(errp, "kdump-lzo is not available now");
+        return;
+    }
+#endif
+
+#ifndef CONFIG_SNAPPY
+    if (has_format && format == DUMP_GUEST_MEMORY_FORMAT_KDUMP_SNAPPY) {
+        error_setg(errp, "kdump-snappy is not available now");
+        return;
+    }
+#endif
+
 #if !defined(WIN32)
     if (strstart(file, "fd:", &p)) {
         fd = monitor_get_fd(cur_mon, p, errp);
@@ -1663,14 +1775,21 @@ void qmp_dump_guest_memory(bool paging, const char *file, bool has_begin,
 
     s = g_malloc0(sizeof(DumpState));
 
-    ret = dump_init(s, fd, paging, has_begin, begin, length, errp);
+    ret = dump_init(s, fd, has_format, format, paging, has_begin,
+                    begin, length, errp);
     if (ret < 0) {
         g_free(s);
         return;
     }
 
-    if (create_vmcore(s) < 0 && !error_is_set(s->errp)) {
-        error_set(errp, QERR_IO_ERROR);
+    if (has_format && format != DUMP_GUEST_MEMORY_FORMAT_ELF) {
+        if (create_kdump_vmcore(s) < 0 && !error_is_set(s->errp)) {
+            error_set(errp, QERR_IO_ERROR);
+        }
+    } else {
+        if (create_vmcore(s) < 0 && !error_is_set(s->errp)) {
+            error_set(errp, QERR_IO_ERROR);
+        }
     }
 
     g_free(s);
diff --git a/hmp.c b/hmp.c
index b723b26..1805926 100644
--- a/hmp.c
+++ b/hmp.c
@@ -1195,8 +1195,11 @@ void hmp_dump_guest_memory(Monitor *mon, const QDict *qdict)
     const char *file = qdict_get_str(qdict, "filename");
     bool has_begin = qdict_haskey(qdict, "begin");
     bool has_length = qdict_haskey(qdict, "length");
+    /* kdump-compressed format is not supported for HMP */
+    bool has_format = false;
     int64_t begin = 0;
     int64_t length = 0;
+    enum DumpGuestMemoryFormat dump_format = DUMP_GUEST_MEMORY_FORMAT_ELF;
     char *prot;
 
     if (has_begin) {
@@ -1209,7 +1212,7 @@ void hmp_dump_guest_memory(Monitor *mon, const QDict *qdict)
     prot = g_strconcat("file:", file, NULL);
 
     qmp_dump_guest_memory(paging, prot, has_begin, begin, has_length, length,
-                          &errp);
+                          has_format, dump_format, &errp);
     hmp_handle_error(mon, &errp);
     g_free(prot);
 }
diff --git a/qapi-schema.json b/qapi-schema.json
index d3d4e57..8f81c76 100644
--- a/qapi-schema.json
+++ b/qapi-schema.json
@@ -2578,6 +2578,24 @@
 { 'command': 'device_del', 'data': {'id': 'str'} }
 
 ##
+# @DumpGuestMemoryFormat:
+#
+# An enumeration of guest-memory-dump's format.
+#
+# @elf: elf format
+#
+# @kdump-zlib: kdump-compressed format with zlib-compressed
+#
+# @kdump-lzo: kdump-compressed format with lzo-compressed
+#
+# @kdump-snappy: kdump-compressed format with snappy-compressed
+#
+# Since: 2.0
+##
+{ 'enum': 'DumpGuestMemoryFormat',
+  'data': [ 'elf', 'kdump-zlib', 'kdump-lzo', 'kdump-snappy' ] }
+
+##
 # @dump-guest-memory
 #
 # Dump guest's memory to vmcore. It is a synchronous operation that can take
@@ -2613,13 +2631,18 @@
 #          want to dump all guest's memory, please specify the start @begin
 #          and @length
 #
+# @format: #optional if specified, the format of guest memory dump. But non-elf
+#          format is conflict with paging and filter, ie. @paging, @begin and
+#          @length is not allowed to be specified with non-elf @format at the
+#          same time (since 2.0)
+#
 # Returns: nothing on success
 #
 # Since: 1.2
 ##
 { 'command': 'dump-guest-memory',
   'data': { 'paging': 'bool', 'protocol': 'str', '*begin': 'int',
-            '*length': 'int' } }
+            '*length': 'int', '*format': 'DumpGuestMemoryFormat' } }
 
 ##
 # @netdev_add:
diff --git a/qmp-commands.hx b/qmp-commands.hx
index e164ff8..61aa3bf 100644
--- a/qmp-commands.hx
+++ b/qmp-commands.hx
@@ -885,8 +885,8 @@ EQMP
 
     {
         .name       = "dump-guest-memory",
-        .args_type  = "paging:b,protocol:s,begin:i?,end:i?",
-        .params     = "-p protocol [begin] [length]",
+        .args_type  = "paging:b,protocol:s,begin:i?,end:i?,format:s?",
+        .params     = "-p protocol [begin] [length] [format]",
         .help       = "dump guest memory to file",
         .user_print = monitor_user_noop,
         .mhandler.cmd_new = qmp_marshal_input_dump_guest_memory,
@@ -907,6 +907,9 @@ Arguments:
            with length together (json-int)
 - "length": the memory size, in bytes. It's optional, and should be specified
             with begin together (json-int)
+- "format": the format of guest memory dump. It's optional, and can be
+            elf|kdump-zlib|kdump-lzo|kdump-snappy, but non-elf formats will
+            conflict with paging and filter, ie. begin and length (json-string)
 
 Example:
 
-- 
1.8.3.1