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From 9ff6403c20232b826766d34cbb66caea8c650bf1 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Kevin Wolf <kwolf@redhat.com>
Date: Mon, 9 Sep 2013 14:28:10 +0200
Subject: [PATCH 19/38] docs: Document QAPI union types

RH-Author: Kevin Wolf <kwolf@redhat.com>
Message-id: <1378736903-18489-20-git-send-email-kwolf@redhat.com>
Patchwork-id: 54206
O-Subject: [RHEL-7.0 qemu-kvm PATCH 19/32] docs: Document QAPI union types
Bugzilla: 1005818
RH-Acked-by: Fam Zheng <famz@redhat.com>
RH-Acked-by: Max Reitz <mreitz@redhat.com>
RH-Acked-by: Miroslav Rezanina <mrezanin@redhat.com>

Bugzilla: 1005818

Signed-off-by: Kevin Wolf <kwolf@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com>
(cherry picked from commit 51631493e4876081ae27078b50bd95bd4418bf37)

Signed-off-by: Kevin Wolf <kwolf@redhat.com>
---
 docs/qapi-code-gen.txt | 62 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
 1 file changed, 55 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

Signed-off-by: Miroslav Rezanina <mrezanin@redhat.com>
---
 docs/qapi-code-gen.txt |   62 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
 1 files changed, 55 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/docs/qapi-code-gen.txt b/docs/qapi-code-gen.txt
index cccb11e..f6f8d33 100644
--- a/docs/qapi-code-gen.txt
+++ b/docs/qapi-code-gen.txt
@@ -34,9 +34,15 @@ OrderedDicts so that ordering is preserved.
 There are two basic syntaxes used, type definitions and command definitions.
 
 The first syntax defines a type and is represented by a dictionary.  There are
-two kinds of types that are supported: complex user-defined types, and enums.
+three kinds of user-defined types that are supported: complex types,
+enumeration types and union types.
 
-A complex type is a dictionary containing a single key who's value is a
+Generally speaking, types definitions should always use CamelCase for the type
+names. Command names should be all lower case with words separated by a hyphen.
+
+=== Complex types ===
+
+A complex type is a dictionary containing a single key whose value is a
 dictionary.  This corresponds to a struct in C or an Object in JSON.  An
 example of a complex type is:
 
@@ -47,13 +53,57 @@ The use of '*' as a prefix to the name means the member is optional.  Optional
 members should always be added to the end of the dictionary to preserve
 backwards compatibility.
 
-An enumeration type is a dictionary containing a single key who's value is a
+=== Enumeration types ===
+
+An enumeration type is a dictionary containing a single key whose value is a
 list of strings.  An example enumeration is:
 
  { 'enum': 'MyEnum', 'data': [ 'value1', 'value2', 'value3' ] }
 
-Generally speaking, complex types and enums should always use CamelCase for
-the type names.
+=== Union types ===
+
+Union types are used to let the user choose between several different data
+types.  A union type is defined using a dictionary as explained in the
+following paragraphs.
+
+
+A simple union type defines a mapping from discriminator values to data types
+like in this example:
+
+ { 'type': 'FileOptions', 'data': { 'filename': 'str' } }
+ { 'type': 'Qcow2Options',
+   'data': { 'backing-file': 'str', 'lazy-refcounts': 'bool' } }
+
+ { 'union': 'BlockdevOptions',
+   'data': { 'file': 'FileOptions',
+             'qcow2': 'Qcow2Options' } }
+
+In the QMP wire format, a simple union is represented by a dictionary that
+contains the 'type' field as a discriminator, and a 'data' field that is of the
+specified data type corresponding to the discriminator value:
+
+ { "type": "qcow2", "data" : { "backing-file": "/some/place/my-image",
+                               "lazy-refcounts": true } }
+
+
+A union definition can specify a complex type as its base. In this case, the
+fields of the complex type are included as top-level fields of the union
+dictionary in the QMP wire format. An example definition is:
+
+ { 'type': 'BlockdevCommonOptions', 'data': { 'readonly': 'bool' } }
+ { 'union': 'BlockdevOptions',
+   'base': 'BlockdevCommonOptions',
+   'data': { 'raw': 'RawOptions',
+             'qcow2': 'Qcow2Options' } }
+
+And it looks like this on the wire:
+
+ { "type": "qcow2",
+   "readonly": false,
+   "data" : { "backing-file": "/some/place/my-image",
+              "lazy-refcounts": true } }
+
+=== Commands ===
 
 Commands are defined by using a list containing three members.  The first
 member is the command name, the second member is a dictionary containing
@@ -65,8 +115,6 @@ An example command is:
    'data': { 'arg1': 'str', '*arg2': 'str' },
    'returns': 'str' }
 
-Command names should be all lower case with words separated by a hyphen.
-
 
 == Code generation ==
 
-- 
1.7.1