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From c21689e9b457b3790a5d0294c2815f2df561dece Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
Message-Id: <c21689e9b457b3790a5d0294c2815f2df561dece.1420654015.git.jen@redhat.com>
From: Stefan Hajnoczi <stefanha@redhat.com>
Date: Thu, 18 Dec 2014 11:11:06 -0600
Subject: [CHANGE] block: delete cow block driver
To: rhvirt-patches@redhat.com,
    jen@redhat.com

RH-Author: Stefan Hajnoczi <stefanha@redhat.com>
Message-id: <1418901066-25891-1-git-send-email-stefanha@redhat.com>
Patchwork-id: 62969
O-Subject: [RHEL-7.1 qemu-kvm PATCH RESEND] block: delete cow block driver
Bugzilla: 1175325
RH-Acked-by: Jeffrey Cody <jcody@redhat.com>
RH-Acked-by: Fam Zheng <famz@redhat.com>
RH-Acked-by: Max Reitz <mreitz@redhat.com>

This patch removes support for the cow file format.

Normally we do not break backwards compatibility but in this case there
is no impact and it is the most logical option.  Extraordinary claims
require extraordinary evidence so I will show why removing the cow block
driver is the right thing to do.

The cow file format is the disk image format for Usermode Linux, a way
of running a Linux system in userspace.  The performance of UML was
never great and it was hacky, but it enjoyed some popularity before
hardware virtualization support became mainstream.

QEMU's block/cow.c is supposed to read this image file format.
Unfortunately the file format was underspecified:

1. Earlier Linux versions used the MAXPATHLEN constant for the backing
   filename field.  The value of MAXPATHLEN can change, so Linux
   switched to a 4096 literal but QEMU has a 1024 literal.

2. Padding was not used on the header struct (both in the Linux kernel
   and in QEMU) so the struct layout varied across architectures.  In
   particular, i386 and x86_64 were different due to int64_t alignment
   differences.  Linux now uses __attribute__((packed)), QEMU does not.

Therefore:

1. QEMU cow images do not conform to the Linux cow image file format.

2. cow images cannot be shared between different host architectures.

This means QEMU cow images are useless and QEMU has not had bug reports
from users actually hitting these issues.

Let's get rid of this thing, it serves no purpose and no one will be
affected.

Signed-off-by: Stefan Hajnoczi <stefanha@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Markus Armbruster <armbru@redhat.com>
Message-id: 1410877464-20481-1-git-send-email-stefanha@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: Stefan Hajnoczi <stefanha@redhat.com>
(cherry picked from commit 550830f9351291c585c963204ad9127998b1c1ce)
Signed-off-by: Stefan Hajnoczi <stefanha@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Jeff E. Nelson <jen@redhat.com>

Conflicts:
	block/Makefile.objs

Context conflict, easy to resolve.

	block/cow.c

No problem, we're deleting this file anyway.

	qapi/block-core.json

Downstream still uses qapi-schema.json.

	tests/image-fuzzer/runner.py

Not present downstream, skip it.

	tests/qemu-iotests/069

Context conflict, easy to resolve.

	tests/qemu-iotests/072
	tests/qemu-iotests/099

Not present downstream, skip these tests.

	ui/cocoa.m

We just want to drop "cow", the context conflict does not matter.

Signed-off-by: Jeff E. Nelson <jen@redhat.com>
---
 block/Makefile.objs       |   2 +-
 block/cow.c               | 402 ----------------------------------------------
 qapi-schema.json          |   2 +-
 qemu-doc.texi             |   9 --
 qemu-img.texi             |   4 +-
 qmp-commands.hx           |   2 +-
 tests/qemu-iotests/069    |   2 +-
 tests/qemu-iotests/common |   6 -
 ui/cocoa.m                |   2 +-
 9 files changed, 7 insertions(+), 424 deletions(-)
 delete mode 100644 block/cow.c

diff --git a/block/Makefile.objs b/block/Makefile.objs
index 0be180f..ebc350b 100644
--- a/block/Makefile.objs
+++ b/block/Makefile.objs
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-block-obj-y += raw.o cow.o qcow.o vdi.o vmdk.o cloop.o dmg.o bochs.o vpc.o vvfat.o
+block-obj-y += raw.o qcow.o vdi.o vmdk.o cloop.o dmg.o bochs.o vpc.o vvfat.o
 block-obj-y += qcow2.o qcow2-refcount.o qcow2-cluster.o qcow2-snapshot.o qcow2-cache.o
 block-obj-y += qed.o qed-gencb.o qed-l2-cache.o qed-table.o qed-cluster.o
 block-obj-y += qed-check.o
diff --git a/block/cow.c b/block/cow.c
deleted file mode 100644
index c75668b..0000000
--- a/block/cow.c
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,402 +0,0 @@
-/*
- * Block driver for the COW format
- *
- * Copyright (c) 2004 Fabrice Bellard
- *
- * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
- * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
- * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
- * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
- * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
- * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
- *
- * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
- * all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
- *
- * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
- * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
- * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
- * THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
- * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
- * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
- * THE SOFTWARE.
- */
-#include "qemu-common.h"
-#include "block/block_int.h"
-#include "qemu/module.h"
-
-/**************************************************************/
-/* COW block driver using file system holes */
-
-/* user mode linux compatible COW file */
-#define COW_MAGIC 0x4f4f4f4d  /* MOOO */
-#define COW_VERSION 2
-
-struct cow_header_v2 {
-    uint32_t magic;
-    uint32_t version;
-    char backing_file[1024];
-    int32_t mtime;
-    uint64_t size;
-    uint32_t sectorsize;
-};
-
-typedef struct BDRVCowState {
-    CoMutex lock;
-    int64_t cow_sectors_offset;
-} BDRVCowState;
-
-static int cow_probe(const uint8_t *buf, int buf_size, const char *filename)
-{
-    const struct cow_header_v2 *cow_header = (const void *)buf;
-
-    if (buf_size >= sizeof(struct cow_header_v2) &&
-        be32_to_cpu(cow_header->magic) == COW_MAGIC &&
-        be32_to_cpu(cow_header->version) == COW_VERSION)
-        return 100;
-    else
-        return 0;
-}
-
-static int cow_open(BlockDriverState *bs, QDict *options, int flags,
-                    Error **errp)
-{
-    BDRVCowState *s = bs->opaque;
-    struct cow_header_v2 cow_header;
-    int bitmap_size;
-    int64_t size;
-    int ret;
-
-    /* see if it is a cow image */
-    ret = bdrv_pread(bs->file, 0, &cow_header, sizeof(cow_header));
-    if (ret < 0) {
-        goto fail;
-    }
-
-    if (be32_to_cpu(cow_header.magic) != COW_MAGIC) {
-        error_setg(errp, "Image not in COW format");
-        ret = -EINVAL;
-        goto fail;
-    }
-
-    if (be32_to_cpu(cow_header.version) != COW_VERSION) {
-        char version[64];
-        snprintf(version, sizeof(version),
-               "COW version %" PRIu32, cow_header.version);
-        error_set(errp, QERR_UNKNOWN_BLOCK_FORMAT_FEATURE,
-            bs->device_name, "cow", version);
-        ret = -ENOTSUP;
-        goto fail;
-    }
-
-    /* cow image found */
-    size = be64_to_cpu(cow_header.size);
-    bs->total_sectors = size / 512;
-
-    pstrcpy(bs->backing_file, sizeof(bs->backing_file),
-            cow_header.backing_file);
-
-    bitmap_size = ((bs->total_sectors + 7) >> 3) + sizeof(cow_header);
-    s->cow_sectors_offset = (bitmap_size + 511) & ~511;
-    qemu_co_mutex_init(&s->lock);
-    return 0;
- fail:
-    return ret;
-}
-
-/*
- * XXX(hch): right now these functions are extremely inefficient.
- * We should just read the whole bitmap we'll need in one go instead.
- */
-static inline int cow_set_bit(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t bitnum, bool *first)
-{
-    uint64_t offset = sizeof(struct cow_header_v2) + bitnum / 8;
-    uint8_t bitmap;
-    int ret;
-
-    ret = bdrv_pread(bs->file, offset, &bitmap, sizeof(bitmap));
-    if (ret < 0) {
-       return ret;
-    }
-
-    if (bitmap & (1 << (bitnum % 8))) {
-        return 0;
-    }
-
-    if (*first) {
-        ret = bdrv_flush(bs->file);
-        if (ret < 0) {
-            return ret;
-        }
-        *first = false;
-    }
-
-    bitmap |= (1 << (bitnum % 8));
-
-    ret = bdrv_pwrite(bs->file, offset, &bitmap, sizeof(bitmap));
-    if (ret < 0) {
-       return ret;
-    }
-    return 0;
-}
-
-#define BITS_PER_BITMAP_SECTOR (512 * 8)
-
-/* Cannot use bitmap.c on big-endian machines.  */
-static int cow_test_bit(int64_t bitnum, const uint8_t *bitmap)
-{
-    return (bitmap[bitnum / 8] & (1 << (bitnum & 7))) != 0;
-}
-
-static int cow_find_streak(const uint8_t *bitmap, int value, int start, int nb_sectors)
-{
-    int streak_value = value ? 0xFF : 0;
-    int last = MIN(start + nb_sectors, BITS_PER_BITMAP_SECTOR);
-    int bitnum = start;
-    while (bitnum < last) {
-        if ((bitnum & 7) == 0 && bitmap[bitnum / 8] == streak_value) {
-            bitnum += 8;
-            continue;
-        }
-        if (cow_test_bit(bitnum, bitmap) == value) {
-            bitnum++;
-            continue;
-        }
-        break;
-    }
-    return MIN(bitnum, last) - start;
-}
-
-/* Return true if first block has been changed (ie. current version is
- * in COW file).  Set the number of continuous blocks for which that
- * is true. */
-static int coroutine_fn cow_co_is_allocated(BlockDriverState *bs,
-        int64_t sector_num, int nb_sectors, int *num_same)
-{
-    int64_t bitnum = sector_num + sizeof(struct cow_header_v2) * 8;
-    uint64_t offset = (bitnum / 8) & -BDRV_SECTOR_SIZE;
-    uint8_t bitmap[BDRV_SECTOR_SIZE];
-    int ret;
-    int changed;
-
-    ret = bdrv_pread(bs->file, offset, &bitmap, sizeof(bitmap));
-    if (ret < 0) {
-        return ret;
-    }
-
-    bitnum &= BITS_PER_BITMAP_SECTOR - 1;
-    changed = cow_test_bit(bitnum, bitmap);
-    *num_same = cow_find_streak(bitmap, changed, bitnum, nb_sectors);
-    return changed;
-}
-
-static int64_t coroutine_fn cow_co_get_block_status(BlockDriverState *bs,
-        int64_t sector_num, int nb_sectors, int *num_same)
-{
-    BDRVCowState *s = bs->opaque;
-    int ret = cow_co_is_allocated(bs, sector_num, nb_sectors, num_same);
-    int64_t offset = s->cow_sectors_offset + (sector_num << BDRV_SECTOR_BITS);
-    if (ret < 0) {
-        return ret;
-    }
-    return (ret ? BDRV_BLOCK_DATA : 0) | offset | BDRV_BLOCK_OFFSET_VALID;
-}
-
-static int cow_update_bitmap(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
-        int nb_sectors)
-{
-    int error = 0;
-    int i;
-    bool first = true;
-
-    for (i = 0; i < nb_sectors; i++) {
-        error = cow_set_bit(bs, sector_num + i, &first);
-        if (error) {
-            break;
-        }
-    }
-
-    return error;
-}
-
-static int coroutine_fn cow_read(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
-                                 uint8_t *buf, int nb_sectors)
-{
-    BDRVCowState *s = bs->opaque;
-    int ret, n;
-
-    while (nb_sectors > 0) {
-        ret = cow_co_is_allocated(bs, sector_num, nb_sectors, &n);
-        if (ret < 0) {
-            return ret;
-        }
-        if (ret) {
-            ret = bdrv_pread(bs->file,
-                        s->cow_sectors_offset + sector_num * 512,
-                        buf, n * 512);
-            if (ret < 0) {
-                return ret;
-            }
-        } else {
-            if (bs->backing_hd) {
-                /* read from the base image */
-                ret = bdrv_read(bs->backing_hd, sector_num, buf, n);
-                if (ret < 0) {
-                    return ret;
-                }
-            } else {
-                memset(buf, 0, n * 512);
-            }
-        }
-        nb_sectors -= n;
-        sector_num += n;
-        buf += n * 512;
-    }
-    return 0;
-}
-
-static coroutine_fn int cow_co_read(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
-                                    uint8_t *buf, int nb_sectors)
-{
-    int ret;
-    BDRVCowState *s = bs->opaque;
-    qemu_co_mutex_lock(&s->lock);
-    ret = cow_read(bs, sector_num, buf, nb_sectors);
-    qemu_co_mutex_unlock(&s->lock);
-    return ret;
-}
-
-static int cow_write(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
-                     const uint8_t *buf, int nb_sectors)
-{
-    BDRVCowState *s = bs->opaque;
-    int ret;
-
-    ret = bdrv_pwrite(bs->file, s->cow_sectors_offset + sector_num * 512,
-                      buf, nb_sectors * 512);
-    if (ret < 0) {
-        return ret;
-    }
-
-    return cow_update_bitmap(bs, sector_num, nb_sectors);
-}
-
-static coroutine_fn int cow_co_write(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
-                                     const uint8_t *buf, int nb_sectors)
-{
-    int ret;
-    BDRVCowState *s = bs->opaque;
-    qemu_co_mutex_lock(&s->lock);
-    ret = cow_write(bs, sector_num, buf, nb_sectors);
-    qemu_co_mutex_unlock(&s->lock);
-    return ret;
-}
-
-static void cow_close(BlockDriverState *bs)
-{
-}
-
-static int cow_create(const char *filename, QEMUOptionParameter *options,
-                      Error **errp)
-{
-    struct cow_header_v2 cow_header;
-    struct stat st;
-    int64_t image_sectors = 0;
-    const char *image_filename = NULL;
-    Error *local_err = NULL;
-    int ret;
-    BlockDriverState *cow_bs;
-
-    /* Read out options */
-    while (options && options->name) {
-        if (!strcmp(options->name, BLOCK_OPT_SIZE)) {
-            image_sectors = options->value.n / 512;
-        } else if (!strcmp(options->name, BLOCK_OPT_BACKING_FILE)) {
-            image_filename = options->value.s;
-        }
-        options++;
-    }
-
-    ret = bdrv_create_file(filename, options, &local_err);
-    if (ret < 0) {
-        error_propagate(errp, local_err);
-        return ret;
-    }
-
-    ret = bdrv_file_open(&cow_bs, filename, NULL, BDRV_O_RDWR, &local_err);
-    if (ret < 0) {
-        error_propagate(errp, local_err);
-        return ret;
-    }
-
-    memset(&cow_header, 0, sizeof(cow_header));
-    cow_header.magic = cpu_to_be32(COW_MAGIC);
-    cow_header.version = cpu_to_be32(COW_VERSION);
-    if (image_filename) {
-        /* Note: if no file, we put a dummy mtime */
-        cow_header.mtime = cpu_to_be32(0);
-
-        if (stat(image_filename, &st) != 0) {
-            goto mtime_fail;
-        }
-        cow_header.mtime = cpu_to_be32(st.st_mtime);
-    mtime_fail:
-        pstrcpy(cow_header.backing_file, sizeof(cow_header.backing_file),
-                image_filename);
-    }
-    cow_header.sectorsize = cpu_to_be32(512);
-    cow_header.size = cpu_to_be64(image_sectors * 512);
-    ret = bdrv_pwrite(cow_bs, 0, &cow_header, sizeof(cow_header));
-    if (ret < 0) {
-        goto exit;
-    }
-
-    /* resize to include at least all the bitmap */
-    ret = bdrv_truncate(cow_bs,
-        sizeof(cow_header) + ((image_sectors + 7) >> 3));
-    if (ret < 0) {
-        goto exit;
-    }
-
-exit:
-    bdrv_unref(cow_bs);
-    return ret;
-}
-
-static QEMUOptionParameter cow_create_options[] = {
-    {
-        .name = BLOCK_OPT_SIZE,
-        .type = OPT_SIZE,
-        .help = "Virtual disk size"
-    },
-    {
-        .name = BLOCK_OPT_BACKING_FILE,
-        .type = OPT_STRING,
-        .help = "File name of a base image"
-    },
-    { NULL }
-};
-
-static BlockDriver bdrv_cow = {
-    .format_name    = "cow",
-    .instance_size  = sizeof(BDRVCowState),
-
-    .bdrv_probe     = cow_probe,
-    .bdrv_open      = cow_open,
-    .bdrv_close     = cow_close,
-    .bdrv_create    = cow_create,
-    .bdrv_has_zero_init     = bdrv_has_zero_init_1,
-
-    .bdrv_read              = cow_co_read,
-    .bdrv_write             = cow_co_write,
-    .bdrv_co_get_block_status   = cow_co_get_block_status,
-
-    .create_options = cow_create_options,
-};
-
-static void bdrv_cow_init(void)
-{
-    bdrv_register(&bdrv_cow);
-}
-
-block_init(bdrv_cow_init);
diff --git a/qapi-schema.json b/qapi-schema.json
index 2af2643..8a7cf0b 100644
--- a/qapi-schema.json
+++ b/qapi-schema.json
@@ -826,6 +826,7 @@
 #       'file', 'file', 'ftp', 'ftps', 'host_cdrom', 'host_device',
 #       'host_floppy', 'http', 'https', 'nbd', 'parallels', 'qcow',
 #       'qcow2', 'raw', 'tftp', 'vdi', 'vmdk', 'vpc', 'vvfat'
+#       2.2: 'cow' dropped
 #
 # @backing_file: #optional the name of the backing file (for copy-on-write)
 #
@@ -4076,7 +4077,6 @@
 
       'bochs':      'BlockdevOptionsGenericFormat',
       'cloop':      'BlockdevOptionsGenericFormat',
-      'cow':        'BlockdevOptionsGenericCOWFormat',
       'dmg':        'BlockdevOptionsGenericFormat',
       'parallels':  'BlockdevOptionsGenericFormat',
       'qcow':       'BlockdevOptionsGenericCOWFormat',
diff --git a/qemu-doc.texi b/qemu-doc.texi
index ff124fe..33f709a 100644
--- a/qemu-doc.texi
+++ b/qemu-doc.texi
@@ -621,15 +621,6 @@ File name of a base image (see @option{create} subcommand)
 If this option is set to @code{on}, the image is encrypted.
 @end table
 
-@item cow
-User Mode Linux Copy On Write image format. It is supported only for
-compatibility with previous versions.
-Supported options:
-@table @code
-@item backing_file
-File name of a base image (see @option{create} subcommand)
-@end table
-
 @item vdi
 VirtualBox 1.1 compatible image format.
 Supported options:
diff --git a/qemu-img.texi b/qemu-img.texi
index e943856..2099dd1 100644
--- a/qemu-img.texi
+++ b/qemu-img.texi
@@ -201,8 +201,8 @@ compression is read-only. It means that if a compressed sector is
 rewritten, then it is rewritten as uncompressed data.
 
 Image conversion is also useful to get smaller image when using a
-growable format such as @code{qcow} or @code{cow}: the empty sectors
-are detected and suppressed from the destination image.
+growable format such as @code{qcow}: the empty sectors are detected and
+suppressed from the destination image.
 
 @var{sparse_size} indicates the consecutive number of bytes (defaults to 4k)
 that must contain only zeros for qemu-img to create a sparse image during
diff --git a/qmp-commands.hx b/qmp-commands.hx
index 9c11213..44dd48e 100644
--- a/qmp-commands.hx
+++ b/qmp-commands.hx
@@ -1903,7 +1903,7 @@ Each json-object contain the following:
          - "file": device file name (json-string)
          - "ro": true if read-only, false otherwise (json-bool)
          - "drv": driver format name (json-string)
-             - Possible values: "blkdebug", "bochs", "cloop", "cow", "dmg",
+             - Possible values: "blkdebug", "bochs", "cloop", "dmg",
                                 "file", "file", "ftp", "ftps", "host_cdrom",
                                 "host_device", "host_floppy", "http", "https",
                                 "nbd", "parallels", "qcow", "qcow2", "raw",
diff --git a/tests/qemu-iotests/069 b/tests/qemu-iotests/069
index 50347d9..d606685 100755
--- a/tests/qemu-iotests/069
+++ b/tests/qemu-iotests/069
@@ -38,7 +38,7 @@ trap "_cleanup; exit \$status" 0 1 2 3 15
 . ./common.rc
 . ./common.filter
 
-_supported_fmt cow qed qcow qcow2 vmdk
+_supported_fmt qed qcow qcow2 vmdk
 _supported_proto generic
 _supported_os Linux
 _unsupported_imgopts "subformat=monolithicFlat" "subformat=twoGbMaxExtentFlat"
diff --git a/tests/qemu-iotests/common b/tests/qemu-iotests/common
index f8c1b56..a90415a 100644
--- a/tests/qemu-iotests/common
+++ b/tests/qemu-iotests/common
@@ -129,7 +129,6 @@ common options
 check options
     -raw                test raw (default)
     -bochs              test bochs
-    -cow                test cow
     -cloop              test cloop
     -parallels          test parallels
     -qcow               test qcow
@@ -171,11 +170,6 @@ testlist options
             xpand=false
             ;;
 
-        -cow)
-            IMGFMT=cow
-            xpand=false
-            ;;
-
         -cloop)
             IMGFMT=cloop
             IMGFMT_GENERIC=false
diff --git a/ui/cocoa.m b/ui/cocoa.m
index 1971d9c..0c35f25 100644
--- a/ui/cocoa.m
+++ b/ui/cocoa.m
@@ -771,7 +771,7 @@ QemuCocoaView *cocoaView;
         NSOpenPanel *op = [[NSOpenPanel alloc] init];
         [op setPrompt:@"Boot image"];
         [op setMessage:@"Select the disk image you want to boot.\n\nHit the \"Cancel\" button to quit"];
-        [op beginSheetForDirectory:nil file:nil types:[NSArray arrayWithObjects:@"img",@"iso",@"dmg",@"qcow",@"cow",@"cloop",@"vmdk",nil]
+        [op beginSheetForDirectory:nil file:nil types:[NSArray arrayWithObjects:@"img",@"iso",@"dmg",@"qcow",@"cloop",@"vmdk",nil]
               modalForWindow:normalWindow modalDelegate:self
               didEndSelector:@selector(openPanelDidEnd:returnCode:contextInfo:) contextInfo:NULL];
     } else {
-- 
2.1.0