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From 7b1f98e90a32865faca9a97f4348f20c753cd2f3 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Phil Sutter <psutter@redhat.com>
Date: Fri, 14 Feb 2020 14:51:33 +0100
Subject: [PATCH] src: Add support for concatenated set ranges

Bugzilla: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=1795224
Upstream Status: nftables commit 8ac2f3b2fca38

commit 8ac2f3b2fca38b6533043b0678730c10ba4dc5ef
Author: Stefano Brivio <sbrivio@redhat.com>
Date:   Thu Jan 30 01:16:57 2020 +0100

    src: Add support for concatenated set ranges

    After exporting field lengths via NFTNL_SET_DESC_CONCAT attributes,
    we now need to adjust parsing of user input and generation of
    netlink key data to complete support for concatenation of set
    ranges.

    Instead of using separate elements for start and end of a range,
    denoting the end element by the NFT_SET_ELEM_INTERVAL_END flag,
    as it's currently done for ranges without concatenation, we'll use
    the new attribute NFTNL_SET_ELEM_KEY_END as suggested by Pablo. It
    behaves in the same way as NFTNL_SET_ELEM_KEY, but it indicates
    that the included key represents the upper bound of a range.

    For example, "packets with an IPv4 address between 192.0.2.0 and
    192.0.2.42, with destination port between 22 and 25", needs to be
    expressed as a single element with two keys:

      NFTA_SET_ELEM_KEY:            192.0.2.0 . 22
      NFTA_SET_ELEM_KEY_END:        192.0.2.42 . 25

    To achieve this, we need to:

    - adjust the lexer rules to allow multiton expressions as elements
      of a concatenation. As wildcards are not allowed (semantics would
      be ambiguous), exclude wildcards expressions from the set of
      possible multiton expressions, and allow them directly where
      needed. Concatenations now admit prefixes and ranges

    - generate, for each element in a range concatenation, a second key
      attribute, that includes the upper bound for the range

    - also expand prefixes and non-ranged values in the concatenation
      to ranges: given a set with interval and concatenation support,
      the kernel has no way to tell which elements are ranged, so they
      all need to be. For example, 192.0.2.0 . 192.0.2.9 : 1024 is
      sent as:

      NFTA_SET_ELEM_KEY:            192.0.2.0 . 1024
      NFTA_SET_ELEM_KEY_END:        192.0.2.9 . 1024

    - aggregate ranges when elements received by the kernel represent
      concatenated ranges, see concat_range_aggregate()

    - perform a few minor adjustments where interval expressions
      are already handled: we have intervals in these sets, but
      the set specification isn't just an interval, so we can't
      just aggregate and deaggregate interval ranges linearly

    v4: No changes
    v3:
     - rework to use a separate key for closing element of range instead of
       a separate element with EXPR_F_INTERVAL_END set (Pablo Neira Ayuso)
    v2:
     - reworked netlink_gen_concat_data(), moved loop body to a new function,
       netlink_gen_concat_data_expr() (Phil Sutter)
     - dropped repeated pattern in bison file, replaced by a new helper,
       compound_expr_alloc_or_add() (Phil Sutter)
     - added set_is_nonconcat_range() helper (Phil Sutter)
     - in expr_evaluate_set(), we need to set NFT_SET_SUBKEY also on empty
       sets where the set in the context already has the flag
     - dropped additional 'end' parameter from netlink_gen_data(),
       temporarily set EXPR_F_INTERVAL_END on expressions and use that from
       netlink_gen_concat_data() to figure out we need to add the 'end'
       element (Phil Sutter)
     - replace range_mask_len() by a simplified version, as we don't need
       to actually store the composing masks of a range (Phil Sutter)

    Signed-off-by: Stefano Brivio <sbrivio@redhat.com>
    Signed-off-by: Pablo Neira Ayuso <pablo@netfilter.org>
---
 include/expression.h |   1 +
 include/rule.h       |   5 +++
 src/evaluate.c       |   5 +++
 src/netlink.c        | 109 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
 src/parser_bison.y   |  17 ++++++--
 src/rule.c           |  13 +++---
 src/segtree.c        | 117 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 7 files changed, 229 insertions(+), 38 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/expression.h b/include/expression.h
index ee726aa..2e41aa0 100644
--- a/include/expression.h
+++ b/include/expression.h
@@ -460,6 +460,7 @@ extern int set_to_intervals(struct list_head *msgs, struct set *set,
 			    struct expr *init, bool add,
 			    unsigned int debug_mask, bool merge,
 			    struct output_ctx *octx);
+extern void concat_range_aggregate(struct expr *set);
 extern void interval_map_decompose(struct expr *set);
 
 extern struct expr *get_set_intervals(const struct set *set,
diff --git a/include/rule.h b/include/rule.h
index c03b0b8..626973e 100644
--- a/include/rule.h
+++ b/include/rule.h
@@ -372,6 +372,11 @@ static inline bool set_is_interval(uint32_t set_flags)
 	return set_flags & NFT_SET_INTERVAL;
 }
 
+static inline bool set_is_non_concat_range(struct set *s)
+{
+	return (s->flags & NFT_SET_INTERVAL) && s->desc.field_count <= 1;
+}
+
 #include <statement.h>
 
 struct counter {
diff --git a/src/evaluate.c b/src/evaluate.c
index 58f458d..0c84816 100644
--- a/src/evaluate.c
+++ b/src/evaluate.c
@@ -136,6 +136,11 @@ static int byteorder_conversion(struct eval_ctx *ctx, struct expr **expr,
 
 	if ((*expr)->byteorder == byteorder)
 		return 0;
+
+	/* Conversion for EXPR_CONCAT is handled for single composing ranges */
+	if ((*expr)->etype == EXPR_CONCAT)
+		return 0;
+
 	if (expr_basetype(*expr)->type != TYPE_INTEGER)
 		return expr_error(ctx->msgs, *expr,
 			 	  "Byteorder mismatch: expected %s, got %s",
diff --git a/src/netlink.c b/src/netlink.c
index 83d863c..e0ba903 100644
--- a/src/netlink.c
+++ b/src/netlink.c
@@ -98,10 +98,11 @@ struct nftnl_expr *alloc_nft_expr(const char *name)
 static struct nftnl_set_elem *alloc_nftnl_setelem(const struct expr *set,
 						  const struct expr *expr)
 {
-	const struct expr *elem, *key, *data;
+	const struct expr *elem, *data;
 	struct nftnl_set_elem *nlse;
 	struct nft_data_linearize nld;
 	struct nftnl_udata_buf *udbuf = NULL;
+	struct expr *key;
 
 	nlse = nftnl_set_elem_alloc();
 	if (nlse == NULL)
@@ -119,6 +120,16 @@ static struct nftnl_set_elem *alloc_nftnl_setelem(const struct expr *set,
 
 	netlink_gen_data(key, &nld);
 	nftnl_set_elem_set(nlse, NFTNL_SET_ELEM_KEY, &nld.value, nld.len);
+
+	if (set->set_flags & NFT_SET_INTERVAL && expr->key->field_count > 1) {
+		key->flags |= EXPR_F_INTERVAL_END;
+		netlink_gen_data(key, &nld);
+		key->flags &= ~EXPR_F_INTERVAL_END;
+
+		nftnl_set_elem_set(nlse, NFTNL_SET_ELEM_KEY_END, &nld.value,
+				   nld.len);
+	}
+
 	if (elem->timeout)
 		nftnl_set_elem_set_u64(nlse, NFTNL_SET_ELEM_TIMEOUT,
 				       elem->timeout);
@@ -186,28 +197,58 @@ void netlink_gen_raw_data(const mpz_t value, enum byteorder byteorder,
 	data->len = len;
 }
 
+static int netlink_export_pad(unsigned char *data, const mpz_t v,
+			      const struct expr *i)
+{
+	mpz_export_data(data, v, i->byteorder,
+			div_round_up(i->len, BITS_PER_BYTE));
+
+	return netlink_padded_len(i->len) / BITS_PER_BYTE;
+}
+
+static int netlink_gen_concat_data_expr(int end, const struct expr *i,
+					unsigned char *data)
+{
+	switch (i->etype) {
+	case EXPR_RANGE:
+		i = end ? i->right : i->left;
+		break;
+	case EXPR_PREFIX:
+		if (end) {
+			int count;
+			mpz_t v;
+
+			mpz_init_bitmask(v, i->len - i->prefix_len);
+			mpz_add(v, i->prefix->value, v);
+			count = netlink_export_pad(data, v, i);
+			mpz_clear(v);
+			return count;
+		}
+		return netlink_export_pad(data, i->prefix->value, i);
+	case EXPR_VALUE:
+		break;
+	default:
+		BUG("invalid expression type '%s' in set", expr_ops(i)->name);
+	}
+
+	return netlink_export_pad(data, i->value, i);
+}
+
 static void netlink_gen_concat_data(const struct expr *expr,
 				    struct nft_data_linearize *nld)
 {
+	unsigned int len = expr->len / BITS_PER_BYTE, offset = 0;
+	int end = expr->flags & EXPR_F_INTERVAL_END;
+	unsigned char data[len];
 	const struct expr *i;
-	unsigned int len, offset;
-
-	len = expr->len / BITS_PER_BYTE;
-	if (1) {
-		unsigned char data[len];
-
-		memset(data, 0, sizeof(data));
-		offset = 0;
-		list_for_each_entry(i, &expr->expressions, list) {
-			assert(i->etype == EXPR_VALUE);
-			mpz_export_data(data + offset, i->value, i->byteorder,
-					div_round_up(i->len, BITS_PER_BYTE));
-			offset += netlink_padded_len(i->len) / BITS_PER_BYTE;
-		}
 
-		memcpy(nld->value, data, len);
-		nld->len = len;
-	}
+	memset(data, 0, len);
+
+	list_for_each_entry(i, &expr->expressions, list)
+		offset += netlink_gen_concat_data_expr(end, i, data + offset);
+
+	memcpy(nld->value, data, len);
+	nld->len = len;
 }
 
 static void netlink_gen_constant_data(const struct expr *expr,
@@ -812,6 +853,7 @@ int netlink_delinearize_setelem(struct nftnl_set_elem *nlse,
 	if (nftnl_set_elem_is_set(nlse, NFTNL_SET_ELEM_FLAGS))
 		flags = nftnl_set_elem_get_u32(nlse, NFTNL_SET_ELEM_FLAGS);
 
+key_end:
 	key = netlink_alloc_value(&netlink_location, &nld);
 	datatype_set(key, set->key->dtype);
 	key->byteorder	= set->key->byteorder;
@@ -880,6 +922,15 @@ int netlink_delinearize_setelem(struct nftnl_set_elem *nlse,
 	}
 out:
 	compound_expr_add(set->init, expr);
+
+	if (!(flags & NFT_SET_ELEM_INTERVAL_END) &&
+	    nftnl_set_elem_is_set(nlse, NFTNL_SET_ELEM_KEY_END)) {
+		flags |= NFT_SET_ELEM_INTERVAL_END;
+		nld.value = nftnl_set_elem_get(nlse, NFTNL_SET_ELEM_KEY_END,
+					       &nld.len);
+		goto key_end;
+	}
+
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -918,15 +969,16 @@ int netlink_list_setelems(struct netlink_ctx *ctx, const struct handle *h,
 	set->init = set_expr_alloc(&internal_location, set);
 	nftnl_set_elem_foreach(nls, list_setelem_cb, ctx);
 
-	if (!(set->flags & NFT_SET_INTERVAL))
+	if (set->flags & NFT_SET_INTERVAL && set->desc.field_count > 1)
+		concat_range_aggregate(set->init);
+	else if (set->flags & NFT_SET_INTERVAL)
+		interval_map_decompose(set->init);
+	else
 		list_expr_sort(&ctx->set->init->expressions);
 
 	nftnl_set_free(nls);
 	ctx->set = NULL;
 
-	if (set->flags & NFT_SET_INTERVAL)
-		interval_map_decompose(set->init);
-
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -935,6 +987,7 @@ int netlink_get_setelem(struct netlink_ctx *ctx, const struct handle *h,
 			struct set *set, struct expr *init)
 {
 	struct nftnl_set *nls, *nls_out = NULL;
+	int err = 0;
 
 	nls = nftnl_set_alloc();
 	if (nls == NULL)
@@ -958,18 +1011,18 @@ int netlink_get_setelem(struct netlink_ctx *ctx, const struct handle *h,
 	set->init = set_expr_alloc(loc, set);
 	nftnl_set_elem_foreach(nls_out, list_setelem_cb, ctx);
 
-	if (!(set->flags & NFT_SET_INTERVAL))
+	if (set->flags & NFT_SET_INTERVAL && set->desc.field_count > 1)
+		concat_range_aggregate(set->init);
+	else if (set->flags & NFT_SET_INTERVAL)
+		err = get_set_decompose(table, set);
+	else
 		list_expr_sort(&ctx->set->init->expressions);
 
 	nftnl_set_free(nls);
 	nftnl_set_free(nls_out);
 	ctx->set = NULL;
 
-	if (set->flags & NFT_SET_INTERVAL &&
-	    get_set_decompose(table, set) < 0)
-		return -1;
-
-	return 0;
+	return err;
 }
 
 void netlink_dump_obj(struct nftnl_obj *nln, struct netlink_ctx *ctx)
diff --git a/src/parser_bison.y b/src/parser_bison.y
index 0fd9b94..ea83f52 100644
--- a/src/parser_bison.y
+++ b/src/parser_bison.y
@@ -3551,7 +3551,6 @@ range_rhs_expr		:	basic_rhs_expr	DASH	basic_rhs_expr
 
 multiton_rhs_expr	:	prefix_rhs_expr
 			|	range_rhs_expr
-			|	wildcard_expr
 			;
 
 map_expr		:	concat_expr	MAP	rhs_expr
@@ -3645,7 +3644,7 @@ set_elem_option		:	TIMEOUT			time_spec
 			;
 
 set_lhs_expr		:	concat_rhs_expr
-			|	multiton_rhs_expr
+			|	wildcard_expr
 			;
 
 set_rhs_expr		:	concat_rhs_expr
@@ -3898,7 +3897,7 @@ list_rhs_expr		:	basic_rhs_expr		COMMA		basic_rhs_expr
 			;
 
 rhs_expr		:	concat_rhs_expr		{ $$ = $1; }
-			|	multiton_rhs_expr	{ $$ = $1; }
+			|	wildcard_expr		{ $$ = $1; }
 			|	set_expr		{ $$ = $1; }
 			|	set_ref_symbol_expr	{ $$ = $1; }
 			;
@@ -3939,7 +3938,17 @@ basic_rhs_expr		:	inclusive_or_rhs_expr
 			;
 
 concat_rhs_expr		:	basic_rhs_expr
-			|	concat_rhs_expr	DOT	basic_rhs_expr
+			|	multiton_rhs_expr
+			|	concat_rhs_expr		DOT	multiton_rhs_expr
+			{
+				struct location rhs[] = {
+					[1]	= @2,
+					[2]	= @3,
+				};
+
+				$$ = handle_concat_expr(&@$, $$, $1, $3, rhs);
+			}
+			|	concat_rhs_expr		DOT	basic_rhs_expr
 			{
 				struct location rhs[] = {
 					[1]	= @2,
diff --git a/src/rule.c b/src/rule.c
index 4669577..e18237b 100644
--- a/src/rule.c
+++ b/src/rule.c
@@ -1512,7 +1512,8 @@ static int __do_add_setelems(struct netlink_ctx *ctx, struct set *set,
 		return -1;
 
 	if (set->init != NULL &&
-	    set->flags & NFT_SET_INTERVAL) {
+	    set->flags & NFT_SET_INTERVAL &&
+	    set->desc.field_count <= 1) {
 		interval_map_decompose(expr);
 		list_splice_tail_init(&expr->expressions, &set->init->expressions);
 		set->init->size += expr->size;
@@ -1533,7 +1534,7 @@ static int do_add_setelems(struct netlink_ctx *ctx, struct cmd *cmd,
 	table = table_lookup(h, &ctx->nft->cache);
 	set = set_lookup(table, h->set.name);
 
-	if (set->flags & NFT_SET_INTERVAL &&
+	if (set_is_non_concat_range(set) &&
 	    set_to_intervals(ctx->msgs, set, init, true,
 			     ctx->nft->debug_mask, set->automerge,
 			     &ctx->nft->output) < 0)
@@ -1548,7 +1549,7 @@ static int do_add_set(struct netlink_ctx *ctx, const struct cmd *cmd,
 	struct set *set = cmd->set;
 
 	if (set->init != NULL) {
-		if (set->flags & NFT_SET_INTERVAL &&
+		if (set_is_non_concat_range(set) &&
 		    set_to_intervals(ctx->msgs, set, set->init, true,
 				     ctx->nft->debug_mask, set->automerge,
 				     &ctx->nft->output) < 0)
@@ -1634,7 +1635,7 @@ static int do_delete_setelems(struct netlink_ctx *ctx, struct cmd *cmd)
 	table = table_lookup(h, &ctx->nft->cache);
 	set = set_lookup(table, h->set.name);
 
-	if (set->flags & NFT_SET_INTERVAL &&
+	if (set_is_non_concat_range(set) &&
 	    set_to_intervals(ctx->msgs, set, expr, false,
 			     ctx->nft->debug_mask, set->automerge,
 			     &ctx->nft->output) < 0)
@@ -2488,7 +2489,7 @@ static int do_get_setelems(struct netlink_ctx *ctx, struct cmd *cmd,
 	set = set_lookup(table, cmd->handle.set.name);
 
 	/* Create a list of elements based of what we got from command line. */
-	if (set->flags & NFT_SET_INTERVAL)
+	if (set_is_non_concat_range(set))
 		init = get_set_intervals(set, cmd->expr);
 	else
 		init = cmd->expr;
@@ -2501,7 +2502,7 @@ static int do_get_setelems(struct netlink_ctx *ctx, struct cmd *cmd,
 	if (err >= 0)
 		__do_list_set(ctx, cmd, table, new_set);
 
-	if (set->flags & NFT_SET_INTERVAL)
+	if (set_is_non_concat_range(set))
 		expr_free(init);
 
 	set_free(new_set);
diff --git a/src/segtree.c b/src/segtree.c
index 7217dbc..e859f84 100644
--- a/src/segtree.c
+++ b/src/segtree.c
@@ -652,6 +652,11 @@ struct expr *get_set_intervals(const struct set *set, const struct expr *init)
 			set_elem_add(set, new_init, i->key->value,
 				     i->flags, i->byteorder);
 			break;
+		case EXPR_CONCAT:
+			compound_expr_add(new_init, expr_clone(i));
+			i->flags |= EXPR_F_INTERVAL_END;
+			compound_expr_add(new_init, expr_clone(i));
+			break;
 		default:
 			range_expr_value_low(low, i);
 			set_elem_add(set, new_init, low, 0, i->byteorder);
@@ -823,6 +828,9 @@ static int expr_value_cmp(const void *p1, const void *p2)
 	struct expr *e2 = *(void * const *)p2;
 	int ret;
 
+	if (expr_value(e1)->etype == EXPR_CONCAT)
+		return -1;
+
 	ret = mpz_cmp(expr_value(e1)->value, expr_value(e2)->value);
 	if (ret == 0) {
 		if (e1->flags & EXPR_F_INTERVAL_END)
@@ -834,6 +842,115 @@ static int expr_value_cmp(const void *p1, const void *p2)
 	return ret;
 }
 
+/* Given start and end elements of a range, check if it can be represented as
+ * a single netmask, and if so, how long, by returning zero or a positive value.
+ */
+static int range_mask_len(const mpz_t start, const mpz_t end, unsigned int len)
+{
+	mpz_t tmp_start, tmp_end;
+	int ret;
+
+	mpz_init_set_ui(tmp_start, mpz_get_ui(start));
+	mpz_init_set_ui(tmp_end, mpz_get_ui(end));
+
+	while (mpz_cmp(tmp_start, tmp_end) <= 0 &&
+		!mpz_tstbit(tmp_start, 0) && mpz_tstbit(tmp_end, 0) &&
+		len--) {
+		mpz_fdiv_q_2exp(tmp_start, tmp_start, 1);
+		mpz_fdiv_q_2exp(tmp_end, tmp_end, 1);
+	}
+
+	ret = !mpz_cmp(tmp_start, tmp_end) ? (int)len : -1;
+
+	mpz_clear(tmp_start);
+	mpz_clear(tmp_end);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/* Given a set with two elements (start and end), transform them into a
+ * concatenation of ranges. That is, from a list of start expressions and a list
+ * of end expressions, form a list of start - end expressions.
+ */
+void concat_range_aggregate(struct expr *set)
+{
+	struct expr *i, *start = NULL, *end, *r1, *r2, *next, *r1_next, *tmp;
+	struct list_head *r2_next;
+	int prefix_len, free_r1;
+	mpz_t range, p;
+
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(i, next, &set->expressions, list) {
+		if (!start) {
+			start = i;
+			continue;
+		}
+		end = i;
+
+		/* Walk over r1 (start expression) and r2 (end) in parallel,
+		 * form ranges between corresponding r1 and r2 expressions,
+		 * store them by replacing r2 expressions, and free r1
+		 * expressions.
+		 */
+		r2 = list_first_entry(&expr_value(end)->expressions,
+				      struct expr, list);
+		list_for_each_entry_safe(r1, r1_next,
+					 &expr_value(start)->expressions,
+					 list) {
+			mpz_init(range);
+			mpz_init(p);
+
+			r2_next = r2->list.next;
+			free_r1 = 0;
+
+			if (!mpz_cmp(r1->value, r2->value)) {
+				free_r1 = 1;
+				goto next;
+			}
+
+			mpz_sub(range, r2->value, r1->value);
+			mpz_sub_ui(range, range, 1);
+			mpz_and(p, r1->value, range);
+
+			/* Check if we are forced, or if it's anyway preferable,
+			 * to express the range as two points instead of a
+			 * netmask.
+			 */
+			prefix_len = range_mask_len(r1->value, r2->value,
+						    r1->len);
+			if (prefix_len < 0 ||
+			    !(r1->dtype->flags & DTYPE_F_PREFIX)) {
+				tmp = range_expr_alloc(&r1->location, r1,
+						       r2);
+
+				list_replace(&r2->list, &tmp->list);
+				r2_next = tmp->list.next;
+			} else {
+				tmp = prefix_expr_alloc(&r1->location, r1,
+							prefix_len);
+				tmp->len = r2->len;
+
+				list_replace(&r2->list, &tmp->list);
+				r2_next = tmp->list.next;
+				expr_free(r2);
+			}
+
+next:
+			mpz_clear(p);
+			mpz_clear(range);
+
+			r2 = list_entry(r2_next, typeof(*r2), list);
+			compound_expr_remove(start, r1);
+
+			if (free_r1)
+				expr_free(r1);
+		}
+
+		compound_expr_remove(set, start);
+		expr_free(start);
+		start = NULL;
+	}
+}
+
 void interval_map_decompose(struct expr *set)
 {
 	struct expr **elements, **ranges;
-- 
1.8.3.1